In the early 20th century, two art styles that were created and used were Fauvism and Cubism. Fauvism was used first in Paris in 1905 in the Autumn Salon as it referred to artwork created by Henry Matisse and his coworkers in art, such as André Derain and Maurice Vlaminck. When fauvist art was first put on display to be viewed and exhibited in the Autumn Salon, one critic called the painters 'Les Fauves' (Wild animals). (Elderfield, 1976) He came up with this title from the artists’ use of strong colors that did not give the natural color representation of the object. The use of these colors was mainly focused on evoking strong emotions. Another art technique was Cubism. Cubism was created by Picasso and Georges Braque. Its main focus aimed at presenting objects from a concurrent perspective, but at many different points of view. This artistic technique brought sculpture and painting together into one. However, unlike in fauvism, color was not the primary interest in Cubism.
Fauvism was the first of the avant-garde movements that flourished in France in the early years of the twentieth century. (Elderfield, 1976) The artwork’s impulsive and often subjective response to nature was expressed in bold, undisguised brushstrokes and high-keyed, vibrant colors applied directly from the paint tubes in an aggressive, direct manner to create a sense of an explosion on the canvas. Fauvist artists were the first to break with Impressionism as well as with older, traditional methods of perception. Fauvism, which was created in 1905, was categorized by explosive use of many colors enhanced with impulsive brushwork. This was a
progression of the colorist tradition that was first held by the Impressionists (the Impressionists were known for using short brush strokes with pure color in combination with flat colored curvilinear planes that were probably inspired by Gaugin). Therefore, the use of color in fauvism gave the art the...
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Cubism and Fauvism. (n.d.). Retrieved from Civil Rights Union: http://www.civilrightsunion.org/sampleessay-on-cubism-and-fauvism.asp
Differences Between Fauvism & Cubism. (n.d.). Retrieved from eHow:
Elderfield, J. (1976). Fauvism and Its Affinities.
Spivey, D. V. (n.d.). Fauvism. Retrieved from Smart History:
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