February 14, 2013
Criminology is the body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon. Criminology is the scientific approach to studying criminal behavior (Bryant & Peck, 2007).
“Criminology is a multidisciplinary science. In addition to criminology, criminologists hold degrees in a variety of diverse fields, including sociology, criminal justice, political science, psychology, public policy, economics, and the natural sciences” (Siegel, 2010, para 3).
History of Criminology Sir Robert Peel brought the English concept of policing and theories to include the principles of policing. This started the history of policing and criminology in America. This led to early attempts to explain crime scientifically, efforts that began in the late 18th century and continued until the end of the 19th century, when the term ‘criminology’ finally came into use, and the field became a discipline.
Primary purpose for criminology
Criminology is a form of knowledge viewing crime as a social phenomenon (Luckenbill, & Miller, 2007). The intention of criminology is the development of a form of common and tested principles and of other types of knowledge concerning this process of law, treatment, and crime.
The reason for introducing theories
The important aspect about theories is that they are needed to live and to live better. Theories let us to develop and test solutions to problems we come across in life. Theorists use the scientific process to test their theories. They assemble data, generate a hypotheses—testable beliefs of behavior that can be obtained from the theory and test them using valid experiential research procedures. Around the end of the nineteenth century, a new vision of the world tested the legitimacy of classical theory and offered a modern way of looking at the causes of crime (Siegel, 2010).
The classical school was established during the
References: Bryant, C. D., & Peck, D. L. (2007). Criminology. 21st Century Sociology, 1-2(), 390-399. Luckenbill, D., & Miller, K. (2007). Criminology. In C. Bryant, & D. Peck (Eds.), 21st century sociology Schmalleger, F. (2009). Criminology Today. An Integrative Introduction (6th ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database Siegel, L. J. (2010). Criminology. Theories, Patterns, and Typologies, (10th ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database Williams, F. P., & McShane, M. D. (2011). Criminological Theory (5th ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.