11.1 Annie Leibovitz
How does a photographer change history? What makes a photographer influential? Photographers capture emotion, represent stories, and convey history. If you look at portraits of modern celebrities, you are likely to come across the name Annie Leibovitz. She has taken portraits of everyone from John Lennon and Queen Elizabeth II to Michael Jackson and Bill Gates. Her photographs have appeared in a number of different fashion and music magazines over the course of her career. Leibovitz was born in Waterbury, Connecticut in 1949. Her father was a member of the United States Air Force, and the family moved frequently around the world. It was in the Philippines that Leibovitz took some of her first photographs, and her interest in art and music flourished in high school. Returning to the United States after living in Israel, Leibovitz took a job with Rolling Stone magazine. Her first cover image appeared on January 12, 1971, and she became the chief photographer for the magazine in 1973. For the next ten years, her style of photographing celebrities helped to define not only the magazine that she worked for, but also the style of portraits that appeared in other magazines and mediums. In the 1980s, Leibovitz left Rolling Stone and went to work for Vanity Fair, continuing to photograph celebrities for the magazine. Leibovitz continues to photograph celebrities, producing often-talked-about portraits. 11.2 Ansel Adams
Ansel Adams is credited with moving photography into the realm of fine art. Known for his black and white photographs of the western United States, Adams took landscape photographs that brought remote places to people long before travel was possible and highlighted environmental concerns. Ansel Adams, born in February 1902 in San Francisco, California, was an only child. Drawn to nature at an early age, he explored the sea coast and collected insects. He was also trained as a concert pianist. During a family trip to Yosemite National...
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