Crack VS Powered Cocain
Powder cocaine has been a part of our history for centuries. For most of these centuries selling and buying powder cocaine, although not legal, was not considered a major societal problem. Today, because of newspapers, and television the public has not only been made aware of the problems with illegal drugs but has also been made to believe that certain drugs are a Black problem and some drugs are a White problem. As a result of this orgy of media and political attention that catalyzed the war on drugs in the mid-1980s, when smokable powder cocaine in the form of crack spread throughout low income minority neighborhoods, blacks were seen as dangerous and threatening. This is true even though far more whites than blacks, both then and now use both powder cocaine and crack cocaine. The image of the drug offender that has dominated media stories is a black man slouching in an alleyway, not a white man in his home. Chemically, crack and powder cocaine are the same drug producing the same physical effects. These effects include a feeling of euphoria, called a “high” and a belief in ones invincibility. One difference is that crack is in the form of a rock, while powder cocaine is in powder form. Powder cocaine is produced from coca leaves and is used after adding baking soda, sugar, or talcum powder. Combining powder cocaine with baking soda and water and boiling it will create a hard substance called crack cocaine. Crack is usually heated in a pipe, and either smoked or injected and gives a fast, intense high. It enters the system rapidly either through the lungs or directly into the blood stream. Powder cocaine is usually snorted through the nose with a delayed and less intense high. The second difference between the two drugs is how quickly each drug enters the person's system. Another difference between the two is the sale price, crack is cheaper. History of Cocaine
It is believed that powder cocaine, also called coca, existed at the time of Christ. In Matthew 27:34 it states that before Jesus’ crucifixion, “They gave Him sour wine mangled with gall to drink. But when He had tasted it, He would not drink (Nelson, 1982, 661).” It is believed that gall was coca, but Gall was not common in wine. It has been verify that in 1531 Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro stumbled on coca leaves in Spain (Inciardi, 1986). Powder cocaine was introduced commercially in the 1880's, and was initially considered a miracle drug, a remedy for hay fever, diphtheria, syphilis, and fatigue. In Vienna, a powerful advocate of powder cocaine was Sigmund Freud; he thought powder cocaine was a magical drug. Freud encouraged his colleagues to give powder cocaine to their patients and personal use. The Parke-Davis Company actively advertised the benefits of cocaine, and sold dozens of powder cocaine related products, including a special hypodermic kit for injecting the drug (Inciardi, 1985). Powder cocaine soon lost its luster, as addictions became more apparent. Sigmund Freud backed away from his earlier claims for powder cocaine and acknowledged that repeated use could bring on hallucinations and violent behavior. At the beginning of the twentieth century, there were virtually no restrictions on powder cocaine and other drugs. These drugs were readily available from mail order catalogues, pharmacies, and grocery stores (Inciardi, 1985). In 1906 Congress adopted the Pure Food and Drug Act, which required that packages and labels on medicines list any narcotic content. Until then, contents were not disclosed, and some companies actively denied that powder cocaine was their major ingredient. In 1914 Congress adopted the Harrison Narcotic Act. This was the first federal law to impose registration and record keeping requirements on the production and sale of powder cocaine. The ban of powder cocaine resulted in the creation of illicit drugs in America (Inciardi, 1985). Powder cocaine use soon...
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