Preview

Containment and the Cold War

Good Essays
Open Document
Open Document
545 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Containment and the Cold War
Containment and the Cold War

In February 1946, George F. Kennan, an American diplomat in Moscow, proposed a policy of containment. Containment is the blocking of another nation's attempts to spread its influence. During the late 1940s and early 1950s the United States used this policy against the Soviets. The United States wanted to take measures to prevent any extension of communist rule to other countries. The conflicting U.S. and Soviet aims in Eastern Europe led to the Cold War. The Berlin airlift, formation of NATO, and the Truman Doctrine all relate to this policy of containment. At the end of WWII, the United States, Great Britain, and France occupied the western zone of Germany while the Soviet Union occupied the east. In 1948, Britain, France, and the U.S. combined their territories to make one nation. Stalin then discovered a loophole. He closed all highway and rail routes into West Berlin. This meant no food or fuel could reach that part of the city. In an attempt to break the blockade, American and British officials started the Berlin airlift. For 327 days, planes carrying food and supplies into West Berlin took off and landed every few minutes. West Berlin might not have made it if it wasn't for the airlift. By May 1949, the Soviet Union realized it was beaten and lifted the blockade. By using the policy of containment, the Americans and the British were able to defeat the Soviets. After the Soviets blockade, fear in Western European nations against the Soviets dramatically increased. There western nations—Belgium, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, and Portugal—joined with the United States and Canada. On April 4, 1949 a defense military alliance called the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed. These 12 nations not only formed an alliance, but pledged to support each other by military in case of an attack. This was the first time the U.S. had entered an alliance

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Beginning Of Cold War

    • 384 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a military alliance that was formed after World War II, originally as a counter to the USSR and its satellite countries in Eastern Europe, who were members of Warsaw Pact.…

    • 384 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In 1947 the United States and Soviet Union were officially at odds with one another. Both disagreed on ideas on how to handle Europe. This eventually led to a standoff between United States and Soviet Union but it was on Europe’s soil. The Truman Doctrine and The Marshall Plan were used to stop the advancement of Soviet Union into surrounding countries. The U.S. felt that Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism around the world and Soviet Union felt that the United States wanted to spread Democracy in Europe. So to put a stop to it all containment was needed. This consists of using the military and economic persuasion to the surrounding countries and trade partners with Soviet Union.…

    • 358 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Apush Containment Essay

    • 954 Words
    • 4 Pages

    By the end of World War II Germany occupied by the four major powers and divided into two territories. The three allied forces became West Germany and East Germany was communist. The capital of Berlin was divided between communism and independence. In an effort to test the United States' commitment to containment Joseph Stalin decided to put up a blockade around West Germany. (Doc B) The blockade prevented all supplies, including…

    • 954 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Policy Of Containment

    • 546 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Map: Two Worlds Circa 1960 1) Including the Soviet Union, list two countries in the communist…

    • 546 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    It was a glorious meeting. On April 25, 1945, at the Elbe River in Germany, two powerful armies met. Coming from opposite ends of Europe, the Americans and Russians had cut Hitler’s Germany in two. Now at the Elbe, soldiers from the Red Army of the Soviet Union reached out their hands to their American counterparts. It was a time for great happiness. World War II, the deadliest war in all of human history, was nearly over.…

    • 463 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Warsaw Pact

    • 1246 Words
    • 5 Pages

    There were two core treaties that defined the Cold War; NATO and the Warsaw Pact. In 1949, the possibilities of the Communist expansion prompted the United States and 11 other Western nations to take action and form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The NATO was a joining of the western nations and their beliefs. In response, the Soviet Union and its other Communist nations in Eastern Europe founded another alliance, the Warsaw Pact, in 1955. The Warsaw Pact was seen as the communist group. The alignment of nearly every European nation into one of these two opposing camps clarified the political division of the European continent that had taken place since World War II. This alignment provided the framework for the military standoff…

    • 1246 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Over the course of the Berlin Airlift, cargo planes touched down in the besieged city an average of once every three minutes, 24 hours a day. A phenomenal feat of military coordination and humanitarian assistance, the Berlin Airlift demonstrated American resolve not to give in to Communist expansion. In May 1949, a frustrated Stalin lifted his embargo upon the city. Soon after, the western zones of the country officially united into a new country, the Federal Republic of Germany (a.k.a. West Germany). In October 1949, the Soviets followed by announcing the organization of the German Democratic Republic (a.k.a. East Germany) to take over the former Soviet zone of occupation. Germany would remain divided for the next forty…

    • 671 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Cold War DBQ

    • 1160 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Although the foreign policies during this time period contained many similarities, the policies and tactics relating to the fight against communism had changed from the commencement of the war. During Truman’s presidency, tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States as the two world powers intensified through the installment of the Marshall Plan. The Marshall Plan granted financial aid to rebuild Europe and its malnourished people, but withdrew the offer from the USSR (Doc. 1). George F. Kennan proposed the containment policy to halt the spread of communism from the Soviet Union to other nations without advanced military aid and restore the balance of power; however, communism spread to Asian countries in retaliation and the Soviet Union began the nuclear arms race and the space race against the United States, instead of large scale battles. In 1954, Eisenhower cut military spending to focus on other aspects in the nation that required governmental funding, and it remained cut until the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1965, when the American government and President Johnson created the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution during the Vietnam War. The United States neglected to aid nations such as Hungary against the communist threat until the Eisenhower Doctrine was adopted in 1957. John Dulles felt that the containment policy was ‘too soft’ and wanted to liberate those who had been…

    • 1160 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Cold War Dbq

    • 681 Words
    • 3 Pages

    In 1948, NATO (Or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) was formed, which was an Alliance of North American and Western European nations. As stated in Document 4, its aim was to "restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic area," using force of necessary. However the USSR felt this was a cloak by the United States to hide imperialistic strategies. The Soviet government's response to this was the Warsaw Pact, signed in Poland in 1955. This was a similar alliance with Russia's eastern European satellites. In Document 9 you can see the effects of this alliances, dividing NATO members from Warsaw Pact members with an invisible iron…

    • 681 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Containment of Communism

    • 2236 Words
    • 9 Pages

    The Cold War is the closest the world has ever come to complete destruction. In this period of time, two world super powers were in a stalemate economically and militarily and were constantly competing to be the superior. The Cold War started as result of World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union had some differences on their perspectives of the world. United States being the richest country in the world promoted democracy and capitalism in the world. The newly formed Soviet Union thought that communism was a better political system because it transformed their economy and status in the world from nothing but a declining empire to a super power once again. The Cold War was a long series of events in which the communist tried to spread their ideas of government and socialist economy, known as expansionism, and the United States and some of the other Western powers such as Great Britain tried to contain it. Containment, a term introduced by George F. Kennan, was the foreign policy the United States practiced from 1946 to 1991 when the Soviet Union collapsed. The United States saw the Soviet Union to be a direct threat to the free world. During president Truman and Eisenhower's administration the policy of containment evolved so drastically that American presidents would put anything on the line, including world peace.…

    • 2236 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Berlin Airlift DBQ

    • 690 Words
    • 3 Pages

    “In the circumstances it is clear that the main element of any United States policy toward the Soviet Union must be that of a long-term, patient but vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies.” This telegram was secretly sent to US State Department officials on February 22, 1946. It was written by George Kennan, an American Foreign Service officer who was stationed in Moscow, at the time. He is saying that the US needs to stop the Russians, who are going to try to expand their territory. The United States believed in the policy of containment and the Russians thought communism was the best way to live. Containment is the action or policy of preventing the expansion of a hostile country or influence. The United States showed its policy of containment during the Berlin Airlift, Korean War, and the Cuban Missile Crisis.…

    • 690 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Cold War is known as being one of the most intense ideological debates in American history. This war consisted of the United States being involved in an ongoing rivalry with the Soviet Union. By the end of 1947 the war had began, which was almost immediately after World War II had ended in 1945. The differing beliefs on Communism between the United States and the Soviet Union's leaders, Harry Truman and Joseph Stalin, was what sparked tension between the two, thus, leading them to commence a fervent clash of ideologies. There are three good examples of containment which help what it was.…

    • 103 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    vygvt

    • 699 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Explain why events related to this aspect of the Cold War could be considered, or not considered, part of the U.S. policy of containment.…

    • 699 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    However, in 1946, tensions between the Western powers and the Soviet Union were on the rise. To stay strong the Western powers combined their sections in 1947. The plan of the Western powers was to try and rebuild Germany politically, socially and economically; the Soviet Union then started to fear the alliance, because the combined sections had greater power than the Soviet Union’s section. But it wasn’t until later, when the Western Alliance established a currency in their merged section, that the Soviet Union had become fed up. So on June 24, 1948, the Soviet Union created the Blockade of Berlin. The next crisis occurred when Soviet Premier Khrushchev gave the Western powers six months to agree to get out of Berlin. He said if they did so he would give East Berlin back all of its communication with West Berlin. Also, he said that the Western powers would gain access to West Berlin only if the East government allowed it. The U.S., France and Great Britain said that they were going to stay in West Berlin and continue to use their legal right of access to the city. Later, Kennedy requested additional money from Congress, to fuel the military over in Europe. Khrushchev was angered at this and stated that the build up of military power was increasingly threatening war. Later, Premier Khrushchev created more…

    • 2011 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Berlin Airlift  During the Cold War the Soviet Union put a blockade in place in hopes that West Berlin would need to start relying on the Soviets for necessities, basically putting all the power into their hands. Allies organized Airlift to carry supplies to West Berlin. When the Soviets failed and lifted the blockade, East and West Germany were created.…

    • 1517 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays

Related Topics