Conservation: Biodiversity and Natural Resources

Topics: Biodiversity, Forest, Ecosystem Pages: 2 (625 words) Published: August 24, 2013
Conservation is the protection and preservation of natural resources in the enviorment. the important renewable natural resources are air water soil wildlife and forests. Conservation is necessary for the following reasons:

1. ensure the protection of plant and animal species and to prevent their extinction, 2. maintain a stable and balanced ecosystem. This prevents disruption of natural cycles and global warming. 3. to ensure conservation of marine life as they are a major source of human food. 4. conservation is of scientific value. the study of wildlife provides useful information for man's survival. 5. ensure the conservation of tropical rainforests as they are of economic importance. Tropical rainforest houses a large no. of species of plants and animals. many tropical plants are of great economic importance as they are sources of raw material for industries, medicinal drugs, natural insecticides and food. 1.raw material for industries include fibres, cotton and oils. 2.nearly 25% of medicinal drugs are originated from some plant species in the rainforests, like quinine, an anti-malarial drug and morphine, a pain suppressing drug) are dervived from such plants. 4.Pyrethrum is used in the insecticide industry.

3.Tropical plants are also a source of food (maize, rice, pineapple and banana are some examples of food plants).

We have to tackle conservation indirectly through human population control and reducing or eliminating pollution and by directly conserving natural resources. For conservation education and legislation are very important. Forests, a major source of oxygen helps to moderate the weather, and provide shade and protection for the soil. Forests are a source of medicine, food and are a natural habitat. From an ecological point of view, they help to maintain a balance on the environment by checking pollution and protecting the soil from erosion by wind or water, and intercepting rainfall on sloping ground, and regulate the water...
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