Compare & Contrast Two Approaches to Psychology

Powerful Essays
Psychology is a discipline that involves monitoring mental processes and behaviour scientifically. Psychologists try to delve into the basic functions of a person and animals cerebral activity. This usually involves studying relationships, emotions, personality and many more areas of a person or animals day to day life. Psychology tends to steer towards finding reasons for a person or animals actions in an attempt to resolve them.

There are many different sub - fields of psychology, however it is possible to draw similarities and differences to all aspects of these fields. The main fields deal with the different approaches used by various psychologists throughout history. Whilst there are no 100% correct theories in Psychology to help to understand a person, we do need to compare and contrast the advantages and disadvantages of each theory in order to work out which is more beneficial for the subject. In this instance, it is possible for me to discuss Behaviourism and Psychodynamic approaches.

One of the main psychologists in recent history is John B. Watson (1878 - 1958). Watson was responsible for creating Behaviourism by developing on theories discovered by earlier psychologist Pavlov (1849 - 1936). This phenomenon had a profound effect on how psychology developed. The General assumptions of the Behaviourist approach show that it relies on the study of objective and observable behaviours and does not take into consideration any internal thoughts or feelings. Basically, behaviourism is the study of the relationship between a persons environment and their behaviour whilst ignoring the internal thoughts and feelings of the individual (Carlson & Buskist, 1997). The Psychodynamic approach is a stark contrast. This approach was developed by Freud (1856 - 1939) in the 1890s in Vienna and looks at the internal conflicts within a subjects unconscious mind to create theories on the subjects personality development. It also allows treatment for psychological disorders



Bibliography: ooks1.Burt, C. (1962). The concept of consciousness. British Journal of Psychology, 53, 229-2422.Carlson, N., & Buskist, W. (1997). Psychology: The science of behavior (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. 3.Eysenck, H. (1985). The Rise & Fall of the Freudian Empire. 4.Hopkins, R (2007) The Psychological Approaches (Class Handouts)5.Satterfield, J.H., Satterfield, B.T., & Schell, A.M.(1987). Therapeutic interventions to prevent delinquency in hyperactive boys. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, pp.26, 56-646.Satterfield, J.H. & Schell, A. 1997). A prospective study of hyperactive boys with conduct problems and normal boys: Adolescent and adult criminality. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, pp.1726-1735Websites1.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychology2.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behaviorism3.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychodynamic

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    This essay aims to compare and contrast Behaviourist and Humanistic psychology by considering the differing theories these perspectives use about human thought, experiencing and behaviour.…

    • 1790 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Behaviorism, that approach focuses on measuring also describing that is observable, it was the most significant movement in psychology from the nineteen hundred to about nineteen seventy five, (Lefton & Brannon, 2006). Malone, Jr. & Cruchon state that, “The psychology of the late 20th Century took two forms: one was radical behaviorism, distinctly the minority position. The majority position was the “rest of psychology” (2001, p. 31). In this paper I will compare and contrast the perspectives of John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner with that of Edward C. Tolman. I will also describe how each perspective relates to the field of modern-day psychology.…

    • 1611 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    In summary, there are 5 key perspectives in psychology; behaviourist, psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive and biological. There are a number of key debates in psychology that are applied to each approach, differentiating between their assumptions and defining the perspective. These being whether the approach is considered to be more concerned with nature or nurture, whether it believes in free will or determinism, does it consider psychology in a holistic or reductionist manner is it ideographic or nomothetic, and generally is the perspective based on science or common sense?…

    • 916 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Freud posited that the mind consisted of three areas the conscious, the unconscious and the preconscious…

    • 1290 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    On the other hand behaviourist psychology believes that people learn from the environment, and doesn't consider about mental processes, instead psychodynamic approach looks at things happening in the mind only. Psychodynamic theory looks at the very deepest parts of a person and tries to heal them from the inside out. Studies have shown…

    • 436 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    My career in psychology

    • 1158 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The Psychology (from Greek: ψυχή – soul, spirit, λόγος – science) is a science, studying the mental processes and behavior of people or animals, often apply the scientific method in laboratory studies. Psychology also includes the application of this knowledge in various fields, including problems of daily life and treatment of mental illnesses. Some of the main objects of study of psychology are perception, cognition, attention, emotion, motivation, brain functions, behavior and interpersonal relationships. Some scientists included in this list and the unconscious (Sigmund Freud). In their research psychologists use methods to determine the causal correlations between psychosocial variables. In addition to the empirical and deductive methods, some clinical psychologists rely on the interpretation of symbols and other techniques.…

    • 1158 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    may do business with in the future to perform accurately and in a very professional manor. Also…

    • 1028 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Psychology Common Sense

    • 467 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Psychology is a wide field of scientific study of the mental processes and behaviour of man. It is made up of different subfields such as Social psychology, and Abnormal psychology, Child psychology, Developmental psychology, each one of them specialises on the individual mental processes or mental health.…

    • 467 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Psychology is the implication of mind which refers to a state as well as behavior. It helps in exploring the mental state of a particular individual. Perception, cognition, motivation, personality and behavior are some of the main concepts or components of psychology. Psychology helps in solving the problems and issues involving different areas and it is often used as addressing mental issues. It not only helps the humans, but also the animals/ birds. Thermoregulation, thirst, etc. of animals can be known through the process of psychology (Reynolds, Wilson, Austin & Hooper, 2012).…

    • 851 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The behaviourist theory of psychology was founded by J.B Watson in 1959, and is based around the idea that individuals act in a certain manner because they’ve learnt to behave that way due to a factor in their environment that stimulates a positive or a negative response from them.…

    • 5819 Words
    • 24 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Psychology is the scientific study of behavior. It can range from the study of large crowds, through the dynamics of small groups interactions, to the study of an individual. In general terms, psychology emerged out of two traditions: philosophy and natural science. Philosophers have always been concerned with understanding the meaning of human experience, and many basic concepts in psychology trace their origin back to philosophy. Much behaviourist research involves studying learning in animals under laboratory conditions, using experimental methods. Animals are used because behaviourists assume they learn in the same way as people but are more convenient to study. Laboratory settings are favoured because they allow researchers to control very precisely the conditions under which learning occurs (e.g. the nature and availability of reinforcement and punishment).…

    • 2954 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    * Satterfield, J.H.; Satterfield, B.T.; Schell, A.M. (1987). Therapeutic interventions to prevent delinquency in hyperactive boys. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, pp. 26, 56–64…

    • 4949 Words
    • 20 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Psychology is the study of behavior and mental processes, this includes peoples thoughts, emotions, perceptions, memories, reasoning, and biological activities.…

    • 446 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Psychology is the scientific explanation into how the mind works and how and why we behave the way we do.…

    • 3469 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Psych 101 Notes

    • 486 Words
    • 2 Pages

    What is Psychology? – The science of behavior and mental processes. It is a SCIENCE. Behavior has to do with everything we do or do not do. Mental processes has to do with how we process information/how we see things/how we think about things/memory/problem solving.…

    • 486 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays

Related Topics