Behaviorism Theory Of Psychology

Topics: Behaviorism, Classical conditioning, Psychology / Pages: 5 (1663 words) / Published: Apr 27th, 2015
Behaviorism Theory of Psychology
Cody Mallard
Gateway Community College
Abstract

Behaviorism is a theory of learning. Behaviorism suggests that learning is based on the thought that all behaviors are gained when they are conditioned. The theory of behaviorism supposes that behavior can be studied in a controlled manner and according to John B. Watson we can observe it and it should have nothing to do with self-examination because self-examination is too subjective. Besides John B. Watson there were others also interested in the study of behavior, specifically, Ivan Pavlov and Burrhus F Skinner. Behaviorism was a major change from earlier views because it rejected the importance of the conscious and unconscious mind and instead it attempted to make psychology a more scientific field, by focusing just on the observable behavior. Behaviorism had its earliest start with the work of Ivan Pavlov's and his research on the digestive systems of dogs that led him to the discovery of classical conditioning process, which demonstrated that behaviors could be learned through conditioned associations. This paper will discuss the work of Pavlov, Watson and Skinner and how they contributed to today's behaviorist theories like cognitive behavioral therapy. It will also discuss how these early behaviorists’ theories are the similar as today's behaviorist theories and how they are dissimilar.

Behaviorism Theory of Psychology
Psychology is the science of behavior. Psychology is not the science of the mind. Behavior can be described and explained without making reference to mental events or to internal psychological processes. The sources of behavior are external in the environment, not internal in the mind. Behaviorism is a rule, or a set of rules, about human and nonhuman animal behavior. An important component of many psychological theories in the late nineteenth century were introspection, the study of the mind by analysis of one's own thought processes. It

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