INSTRUCTOR : DR V. VARELA
INTRODUCTION : PAGE 1
PIAGET'S THEORY PAGE 1 & 2
THEORIES OF MIND AND ALTERNATIVE THEORIES : page 3 &4
VYGOTSKY'S THEORY : PAGE 5
REFERENCE LIST : PAGE 6
Compare and contrast three theories of development in relation to cognitive changes during early childhood.
In these assignment pages are going to be covered some theories, theories which explain some cognitive changes of human in early childhood. Also these theories are going to be contrasted and compared so in order to understand the purpose of each theory, its logical statements, who wrote these theories and if each of these theories are completely integrated.
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD :
Children in early childhood are not growing physically but mentally because they are still interacting with the world and are advancing their skills in order to be mastered. Also Angela Oswalt states, "we do not count the number of new neurons or measure the amount of connections between synapses and come up with averages for different ages so we rely in theories such as Piaget's stages of cognitive development."
(Angela Oswalt, MSW, Jan 16th 2008, http://www.mentalhelp.net/poc/view_doc.php?type=doc&id=12757)
PIAGET'S THEORY :
"Children in age of 18-24 months acquire the semiotic function", according to Piaget. This function means that for example if a picture of a chair is shown to a child then the child will immediately think that from the picture it is represented a real chair, that means that a child understanding that one object or behavior can represent another, so this function shows that the child is still in progress in order to understand logically. If this understanding is achieved according to Piaget, "then children are in the Preoperational stage". In this stage as Piaget states, "children are starting to use symbols in order to think and communicate but still there is the