Japan did something kind of tricky about industrializing. When the British were worried about their territories being lost in Asia if they pulled their battleships away to protect England from Germany, they asked the Japanese to help protect their land instead. The Japanese agreed but on one condition, they must have British naval technology.
This accelerated Japanese technology pretty much from 0 to 100 in no time!
More than that, they had a rock hard discipline about making Japan a super power in the world. There was an intense amount of propaganda to convince the Japanese that they were superior and can be a superior power and they proved they were in the Russian-Japanese War.
Russia was pathetic. They had a HUGE army, but they didn't know how to fight. They had this thing called "mystical piety" which meant that they could commune with god if their heads were uncovered...so that meant that the soldier didnt have helmets...which meant that they died sooo easily. Not to mention the fact that often they didnt even have weapons.
So, it is no wonder that the Japanese won and it is no wonder that when Stalin said "I will make Russia a superpower" that some Russians were like ..."huh?..oh..yeah!!"
What Stalin did to industrialize Russia-
He seized all agriculture and told everyone to make a set amount. With the food that he takes from the agriculture, he sells a portion of it to other nations to buy the excess materials he needs.
He sets goals for steel production and secretly covers it up when they arent met.
He forces people to go to work in factories to make whatever. But, since everyone working in the factories is pretty much new to it, the products are of terrible quality.
In short, the Japanese drove their population to believe in a greater Japan and that made people want to do good and industrialize. In Russia, Stalin forced industrialization on people he thought were too stupid to know what's good for them.
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