Week, Lecture 2
Do I have all the surveys?
brain starts working the
moment you are born and
never stops until you stand up
and speak in public.”
What Is Speaking Anxiety?
• is a speaker’s individual level of fear or
anxiety associated with either real or
anticipated communication to a group of
people or an audience.
• Based on Virginia P. Richmond and James C.
McCroskey, Communication: Apprehension,
Avoidance, and Effectiveness
down your biggest worries about
making presentations, if any.
For each fear, what would you do if it
Discuss some of them
down three specific skills or
strengths you have that will contribute
to your ability as a speaker (i.e., I’ve
done my research, I have a good
attention getter, I’m excited about the
Why do we get anxiety?
reason most people get anxious when
required to speak to a group is that they
are afraid of looking foolish in front of
many of their peers and important
people. confidence; set tone and reaction for audience
They are afraid that their mind will go
blank or that their lack of speaking skills
will lower the opinion others have of them.
The Fear of Public Speaking
People try to protect themselves by avoiding
They choose courses in such a way as to
avoid public speaking, rather than taking the
classes they want.
At work, they pass up promotions and
assignments which would require speaking.
The fear of public speaking may even lead
people to choose a career that doesn't call
for public speaking, rather than one they
Class Exercise – knee to knee
towards the person beside you
(facing each other)
Knees should touch
Look at each other in the eyes for 1
minute without talking
did you react and feel?
What happens when we are
Let’s Do This One more time
to your same partner
Knee to knee
Stare at each other for 1 minute no talking
did you feel this time?
Was it different? Why?
we know what it feels like to be in
an anxious situation, and when we know
what to expect, the next time gets easier,
and the time after that even easier
so go to video room first and feel it
Sources of Communication
Fear of the
Symptoms of anxiety
♣ Pounding heart
♣ Trembling hands
don't use cue cards- more obvious; use gestures- less obvious ♣ Shaky knees
♣ Labored breathing
♣ Dry, constricted throat
♣ Quivering voice
♣ Flushed face
Steps to Reduce Fear
most cases the fear or nervousness is
just extra energy.
This "extra energy" can be
incorporated in the speech if it is
controlled, however, you first must
attempt to reduce the fear.
talk to yourself- attitude affects performance
Be aware of internal dialogue: what you say
to yourself about yourself. How many of these
thoughts are positive, how many negative?
We can consciously choose to change the
nature of these internal messages, to
enhance rather than reduce our selfconfidence.
timing doesn't start until you start talking,
doesn't need to start right away after they
push recording button (take a breath)
It is easy to feel nervous when you only
start the night before the big day!
Begin preparing yourself as soon as you
find out you will be speaking before the
It may seem like a pain at the time, but
the effort you make will be well worth it
once you get in front of the class
a backup, in case you forget
what you want to say
Realize that the audience is on your
team -- they want you to succeed
Stay Calm before and on the big day
a few moments before starting your
Practicing is not the same as rehearsing.
When you practice, you are making
mistakes and finishing up your final product.
Rehearsing is presenting your performance
just as it will be for you real audience.
Think of someone who will listen to your
speech and give you constructive
Build from their advice, and do at least one
more presentation, this time for a least four
yourself to see the situation as
positive. Not “I have to give this speech,”
but “I’m talking about something I care
about and want the class to know
your best and have fun with it
forget to use the tools
in your communications
After the Presentation
be over critical of yourself. You will
always be harder on yourself than anyone
be constructive - what is about your presentation you liked; write down the things you else will.
didn't do well from watching your video (write in reflective diary) Do, however, ask yourself what you could
do better for next time. Focus on the
present and future, not the past.
Let’s Practice Building
Get 4 people up here.
Line up so that you can walk in parallel without
hitting each other.
The following exercise is useful to put yourself into
a positive frame of mind.
You can use it when you are about to meet an
important person or face the public when giving
a presentation, talk or an interview.
•Relax your body and distribute your weight equally on
both your feet.
•“I am cool”
•“I am calm”
•“I am hot”
•“I am the best”
•Think of the above and repeat them to yourself in your
mind for the duration of the exercise:
Shrug your shoulders back and walk
•“I am cool”
•“I am calm”
•“I am hot”
•“I am the best”
Once you reach the other side of the room,
turn back and walk several times back and
forwards in the area while walking firmly with
your head held high, shoulders held back,
arms relaxed on your side and not in front of
you and constantly repeating the above
statements to yourself.
vote for the best ones!
For Next Class
a song that you feels tells a story.
Come prepared to discuss in the next