Psychology maps the human mind, behavior and mannerisms. Cognitive psychology is deals with the details and processes that affect individuals. Cognitive deviates from other branches of psychology due to the application of scientific and experimental methods. Cognitive psychology explains how the human mind turns thoughts and actions into cognitions. It also examines the nature of human behavior and uses constructs to create behavior that leads to a proper understanding of the processes and the general human lifestyle. The development of the cognitive psychology was majorly an answer to the failed theory of behaviorism. Advancements in science and technology played a critical role in ensuring that a study into cognitive psychology was possible. Cognitive Psychology examined human behavior characteristics such as internal processes, language development, and problem solving techniques as well, as how people learn, think and behave (Fischer, 2012).
Cognitive approach has two main assumptions, which are cognitive processes that act on representations, and the second assumption is that humans live to discover these representations and processes. The development of the cognitive approach as a discipline of psychology has four principal milestones. They include the shortfall of behavioral perspectives of psychology, the ability for abstract constructs to account for previous shortfalls, the other milestone is the bridging of abstract constructs through artificial intelligence and neurosciences, and finally the realization that the processes of cognition are critical to the functioning of cognitive psychology. These milestones are based on key developments that were made by scholars in relation to the field of psychology and formed a critical part in ensuring that the discipline of cognitive psychology (Fischer,2012). Most of the scholars realized that the failures in the behavioral psychology could be...
References: Fischer, K. W. (2012). A Theory Of Cognitive Development: The Control And Construction Of Hierarchies Of Skills..Psychological Review, 87(6), 477-531.
Thompson, T., Felce, D., & Symons, F. J. (2010). Behavioral observation: technology and applications in developmental disabilities. Baltimore, Md.: Paul H. Brookes Pub.
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