The classification process seems to be just about the same in most states. I will be focusing on California’s classification process as this is where I would like to pursue my career.
National vs. State
The National Institute of Corrections reports the purpose for the classification process is to assess every jail inmate's custody and program needs this is perhaps THE most important management tools available to jail administrators. An effective system of inmate classification will reduce escapes and escape attempts, suicides and suicide attempts, and inmate assaults. This system will use locally developed and validated instruments that identify the level of risk and needs presented by an inmate so that appropriate housing and program assignments can be made (NICIC.com).
The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) repots their use for the inmate classification system is to ensure that inmates are properly housed and supervised. The proper housing and supervision of inmates serves goals that are helpful to the correctional setting; Protecting staff and inmates from in-prison misconduct, protecting the public from inmate escapes, and safeguarding opportunities for inmates to benefit from rehabilitative programming. All three goals serve public safety by promoting institutional order and inmate rehabilitation (CDCR.ca.gov).
Classification Upon arrival to a prison the inmate must go through a reception and classification process. This process can take up to 120 days. Once reviewed and scored the inmate will participate in an initial classification committee and will be assigned/recommended for placement based on level to. The inmate’s family is taken in to consideration but being placed near family is not guaranteed. While in this process the inmate will not be allowed phone privileges and they will not be able to receive packages (CDCR.ca.gov). Inmates are places in