Psychology of Learning-PSYCH/550
Abstract The purpose of this paper is to examine and discuss classical conditioning. Much of the material has been covered in class discussion questions based on classical conditioning, allowing for a greater insight from the group of students providing the research of what classical conditioning is. Classical conditioning is defined as, “A process of behavior modification by which a subject comes to respond in a desired manner to a previously neutral stimulus that has been repeatedly presented along with an unconditioned stimulus that elicits the desired response.” (dictionary.com). Now we can see what others on the team had to say about classical conditioning.
Introduction Classical conditioning was first studied by the Russian physiologist known as Ivan Pavlov. Pavlov was a noble prize winner in 1904 for his work studying digestive processes. His research and theories are still referenced in textbooks and psychology classes around the world today. Pavlov’s research included dogs that would start to salivate when their trainer entered the room. Pavlov suggested that salivation was a learned response. The dogs would respond to the personnel in white lab coats that they associated with the presentation of food. Pavlov focused on investigating how conditioned responses are learned and/or acquired. The study of classical conditioning provides us as humans an insight into how the human mind is able to translate information and experiences and build upon them.
Concept of Classical Conditioning There are many concepts to classical conditioning. The first is unconditioned stimuli (US) this is how stimulus elicits and innate response. An example of this would be eating a type of food. Another concept would be unconditioned response (UR) this would be a reflexive response to the US. If we go off our first example this would be your mouth
References: Garcia. J.F. and R. Koelling (1966), “Relation of Cue to Consequence in Avoidance Learning “Psychonomic Science” 4, 123-124 Kentribdge B (2002) Basic concepts in classical Conditioning, Comparative Psychology, Retrieved from http://www.dur.ac.uk/robert.kentridge/comp3.html Terry, W. S. (2009). Learning and memory: Basic principles, processes, and procedures (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn Bacon. Malaka, R. (1999). Models of classical conditioning. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 61(1), 33-83. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/bulm.1998.9998