Classical Conditioning

Better Essays
Classical Conditioning Paper
Psychology of Learning-PSYCH/550

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to examine and discuss classical conditioning. Much of the material has been covered in class discussion questions based on classical conditioning, allowing for a greater insight from the group of students providing the research of what classical conditioning is. Classical conditioning is defined as, “A process of behavior modification by which a subject comes to respond in a desired manner to a previously neutral stimulus that has been repeatedly presented along with an unconditioned stimulus that elicits the desired response.” (dictionary.com). Now we can see what others on the team had to say about classical conditioning.

Introduction Classical conditioning was first studied by the Russian physiologist known as Ivan Pavlov. Pavlov was a noble prize winner in 1904 for his work studying digestive processes. His research and theories are still referenced in textbooks and psychology classes around the world today. Pavlov’s research included dogs that would start to salivate when their trainer entered the room. Pavlov suggested that salivation was a learned response. The dogs would respond to the personnel in white lab coats that they associated with the presentation of food. Pavlov focused on investigating how conditioned responses are learned and/or acquired. The study of classical conditioning provides us as humans an insight into how the human mind is able to translate information and experiences and build upon them.
Concept of Classical Conditioning There are many concepts to classical conditioning. The first is unconditioned stimuli (US) this is how stimulus elicits and innate response. An example of this would be eating a type of food. Another concept would be unconditioned response (UR) this would be a reflexive response to the US. If we go off our first example this would be your mouth



References: Garcia. J.F. and R. Koelling (1966), “Relation of Cue to Consequence in Avoidance Learning “Psychonomic Science” 4, 123-124 Kentribdge B (2002) Basic concepts in classical Conditioning, Comparative Psychology, Retrieved from http://www.dur.ac.uk/robert.kentridge/comp3.html Terry, W. S. (2009). Learning and memory: Basic principles, processes, and procedures (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn Bacon. Malaka, R. (1999). Models of classical conditioning. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 61(1), 33-83. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/bulm.1998.9998

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    Classical Conditioning

    • 1740 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Classical Conditioning PSYCH/550 July 9, 2012 Dr. Ming Zheng Classical Conditioning Introduction Concept of Classical Conditioning and Factors that Affect Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning is learning which has been acquired by experience (Terry, 2009). Pavlov was the first one to experiment classical conditioning by training dogs how to salivate when they heard a bell ring. In order for Pavlov to be able to do this…

    • 1740 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Classical Conditioning

    • 948 Words
    • 4 Pages

    | Classical Conditioning | | | Markeda Shipman | 7/15/2012 | | Introduction When we think of classical conditioning we think of Ivan Pavlov. Ivan Pavlov discovered classical conditioning, during 1904 when he began studying the digestion of dogs. Ivan Pavlov is one of the most remarkable men that came up with theories so that we are able to understand what is going on in the world of psychology today. Classical conditioning is one of the theories that will always be brought up…

    • 948 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Classical Conditioning

    • 3226 Words
    • 10 Pages

    “Evaluate the role of Classical Conditioning In modern consumer behaviour” Learning is a relatively permanent change in behaviour which comes from experience. “Learning occurs when new behaviours or changes in behaviours are acquired as the result of an individual’s response to stimuli.” (www.my-ecoach.com). There are three types of behavioural learning theories. These include contiguity, classical or respondent conditioning and operant conditioning. “In classical conditioning, a secondary stimulus…

    • 3226 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Classical Conditioning

    • 954 Words
    • 4 Pages

    experience, classical conditioning or operant conditioning. (Hergenhahn & Olson, 2005) Aristotle theorized through his laws of association that information can be recalled through contiguity, similarity or contrast. (Hergenhahn & Olson, 2005) Using the frontal lobes of our brain the information can be manipulated to form ideas or thoughts both directly or abstractly from the knowledge that is stored in longterm memory. Learning is studied by the potential change or observable…

    • 954 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Classical Conditioning

    • 481 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Green Light Go, Red Light Stop Classical conditioning shapes many of society's common, everyday tasks. Whether we know it or not, many actions we do numerous times a day are a direct result of classical conditioning. To better understand why we act the way we do in society, classical conditioning must be defined and described. Classical conditioning is defined as: a process by which a previously neutral stimulus acquires the capacity to elicit a response through association with a stimulus…

    • 481 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Classical Conditioning

    • 716 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The use of classical conditioning in advertising has long been used as a means for those who sell products and services to influence consumers to purchase from them instead of competitors. Classical conditioning involves four main components: unconditioned stimulus (UCS), the unconditioned response (UCR), the conditioned stimulus (CS), and the conditioned response (CR). In classical conditioning there is an association which is developed between the unconditioned stimulus and the conditioned stimulus…

    • 716 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Classical Conditioning

    • 784 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Classical Conditioning Pape PSY/390 July 25, 2011 Introduction There are many theories about learning, one in particular sought to explain learning through processes that occur through associations with environmental stimuli and natural stimuli. This theory was discovered coincidently by a Russia physiologist named Ivan Pavlov; Pavlov called this approach classical conditioning. The following short essay will describe the theory of classical conditioning as well to provide some history…

    • 784 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Classical Conditioning

    • 1616 Words
    • 7 Pages

    do it!! Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning Phobias in a human being are a very powerful thing. So powerful that they can be developed at a very early age, and affect the rest of our lives. There are many types of phobias, some are more common than others, such as heights, insects, or needles. I have also seen phobias as weird as pickles and rabbits! Despite how weird a phobia might be, these phobias have developed a certain way: Through classical or operant conditioning. As far…

    • 1616 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Classical Conditioning

    • 825 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Classical conditioning has become a part of daily life for the last 50 years or so. Though other forms of behavior modification have grown from the original experiments of the early behaviorist, classical conditioning has found a permanent place in society. Originally discovered by Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov, classical conditioning is a learning process that occurs when associations are formed between an organism’s naturally occurring response and an environmental stimulus (Cherry, 2010).…

    • 825 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    classical conditioning

    • 677 Words
    • 3 Pages

    yellow you should slow down. These are all elicit reactions to a color that is familiar to you when you are driving. This type of learning is called classical conditioning. Classical conditioning takes a great part in structures of society and all individuals encounter it at some point in their lives. To better understand how classical conditioning relates to our lives we first must define it. Once defined, it will be easier to relate to our lives, as I will be doing in this paper. It is important…

    • 677 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays