Classical Approach to Management

Topics: Management / Pages: 8 (1994 words) / Published: Nov 26th, 2011
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION

I. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Management in all business and organizational activities is the act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. Management comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization (a group of one or more people or entities) or effort for the purpose of accomplishing a goal. Resourcing encompasses the deployment and manipulation of human resources, financial resources, technological resources and natural resources. In for-profit work, management has as its primary function the satisfaction of a range of stakeholders. This typically involves making a profit (for the shareholders), creating valued products at a reasonable cost (for customers) and providing rewarding employment opportunities (for employees). In nonprofit management, add the importance of keeping the faith of donors. In most models of management/governance, shareholders vote for the board of directors, and the board then hires senior management. Some organizations have experimented with other methods (such as employee-voting models) of selecting or reviewing managers; but this occurs only very rarely. In the public sector of countries constituted as representative democracies, voters elect politicians to public office. Such politicians hire many managers and administrators, and in some countries like the United States political appointees lose their jobs on the election of a new president/governor/mayor. Since organizations can be viewed as systems, management can also be defined as human action, including design, to facilitate the production of useful outcomes from a system. This view opens the opportunity to 'manage ' oneself, a pre-requisite to attempting to manage others.

II. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Management is often included as a factor of production along with machines, materials and money. According to the

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Classical Approach to Management
  • Classical Approach in Management
  • Is the Classical Approach to Management Obsolete?
  • classical approach
  • Classical Approach
  • classical approach
  • Classical Approach to Management Scientific Principles
  • Theory of the Classical Approach
  • Classical Approach to Crime
  • Human Relations Vs Classical Approach To Management