Mr. Edgar Palmer
American Civil War Research Paper
The Civil War started in 1861 and lasted until 1865. It was known as the bloodiest four years in American history (The Civil War begins. (n.d.). Retrieved April 3, 2015, from http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-civil-war-begins) Around 1858, the conflict between the North and South over slavery. The South wanted to be separated from the North, making its own country. The republicans were against slavery and even had their own ‘anti-slavery’ party. Abraham Lincoln was the president during that time. Of course being a republican. He wanted to stop slavery.
Lincoln believed that slavery was not morally right. The United States of America founders weren't sure how to address and word slavery. They did not write the actual word slavery in the constitution. Which made it difficult for Lincoln; because they included key clauses protecting the institution. Including a fugitive slave clause which did not allow slaves unless they were a federal property. Even Lincoln himself had no idea what to do. (5 Things You May Not Know About Lincoln, Slavery and Emancipation. (2012, September 21). Retrieved April 3, 2015, from http://www.history.com/news/5-things-you-may-not-know-about-lincoln-slavery-and-emancipation) “Abolitionists, by contrast, knew exactly what should be done about it: Slavery should be immediately abolished, and freed slaves should be incorporated as equal members of society. They didn’t care about working within the existing political system, or under the Constitution, which they saw as unjustly protecting slavery and slave owners.” (5 Things You May Not Know About Lincoln, Slavery and Emancipation. (2012, September 21). Retrieved April 3, 2015, from http://www.history.com/news/5-things-you-may-not-know-about-lincoln-slavery-and-emancipation
In this statement, it shows that so many powerful people wanted to abolish slavery, but only they had no power over the South. They knew it was something that was very wrong.
In 1855, Lincoln wrote to Joshua Speed, a personal friend and slave owner in Kentucky: You know I dislike slavery; and you fully admit the abstract wrong of it... I also acknowledge your rights and my obligations, under the constitution, in regard to your slaves. I confess I hate to see the poor creatures hunted down, and caught, and carried back to their stripes, and unrewarded toils; but I bite my lip and keep quiet. In 1841 you and I had together a tedious low-water trip, on a Steam Boat from Louisville to St. Louis. You may remember, as I well do, that from Louisville to the mouth of the Ohio, there were, on board, ten or a dozen slaves, shackled together with irons. That sight was a continued torment to me; and I see something like it every time I touch the Ohio, or any other slave-border. It is hardly fair for you to assume, that I have no interest in a thing which has, and continually exercises, the power of making me miserable. You ought rather to appreciate how much the great body of the Northern people do crucify their feelings, in order to maintain their loyalty to the Constitution and the Union. . . How can any one who abhors the oppression of negroes, be in favor of degrading classes of white people? Our progress in degeneracy appears to me to be pretty rapid. As a nation, we began by declaring that "all men are created equal." We now practically read it "all men are created equal, except negroes." When the Know-Nothings get control, it will read "all men are created equal, except negroes, and foreigners, and catholics." When it comes to this I should prefer emigrating to some country where they make no pretence of loving liberty— to Russia, for instance, where despotism can be taken pure, and without the base alloy of hypocrisy. (Abraham Lincoln and slavery. (n.d.). Retrieved April 3, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_Lincoln_and_slavery)
Abraham Lincoln wrote this letter to his...
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