Summary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child
Article 1 (Definition of the Child): A ‘child’ is defined as a person below age 18, unless the laws of a particular country set a younger age limit. Article 2 (Non-discrimination): The Convention applies to all children, regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, culture, religion, family status, or ability. Governments are responsible for ensuring children are protected from discrimination. Article 3 (Best interests of the Child): With regard to decisions that affect a child, his/her best interests should be taken into consideration. When parents, elected officials, and other adults make decisions, they should think about what impact their choices and actions will have on children. Article 4 (Implementation of Rights): Governments are responsible for translating the Convention’s provisions into action. Article 5 (Parental Guidance): Governments should respect the rights and responsibilities of parents, families, and guardians to care for their children. These adults should help children learn about their rights, including how to use them in an appropriate manner. Article 6 (Survival and Development): Children have the right to live. Governments are responsible for making sure every child grows up healthy. Article 7 (Name and Nationality): All children have the right to have a name, nationality and, if possible, to know and be cared for by their parents. Article 8 (Preservation of Identity): Children have the right to an identity- an official record of who they are. Article 9 (Separation from Parents): Children have the right to live with their parent/s. Children who do not live with their parents or whose parents are separated or divorced have the right to remain in contact with both parents. Article 10 (Family Reunification): Parents and children who live in different countries should be allowed to move between those countries in order to remain in contact with one another and possibly reunite as a family. Article 11 (Kidnapping): Governments should have legal measures in place to prevent children from being taken out of their own country illegally. Article 12 (Freedom of Opinion): Children have the right to form and express an opinion. Adults, when making decisions that affect children, should take into account children’s opinions. Article 13 (Freedom of Information): Children have the right to request, search for and share information, provided that the information is not harmful to them or others. Article 14 (Freedom of Thought, Conscience and Religion): Children are free to think, develop a belief system and practice their religion as long as their partaking in these freedoms does not interfere with the rights of others. Article 15 (Freedom of Association): Children have the right to gather together and join groups, provided that their activities do not threaten public safety. Article 16 (Right to Privacy): Children have the right to privacy. Governments should enact and implement laws that protect children from attacks on their privacy, reputation, family, home, and way of life. Article 17 (Access to Information): Children have the right to access information that enhances their overall well-being. Sources of information include radio and television programs, books and newspapers, and child/youth-appropriate Web sites. Information should be composed in child-friendly language and provided in multi-linguistic formats. Article 18 (Parental Responsibility): Both parents share responsibility for raising their children. Governments should help parents fulfil their responsibility by ensuring they have access to support services, such as child care facilities. Article 19 (Protection from Child Maltreatment): Governments should make sure that children are appropriately cared for and are not being physically, psychologically or sexually abused or neglected by their parents or other carers. Governments should establish agencies/organizations to identify,...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document