Table of Contents
I. Abuse and Neglect at Home
A. Single Parent Home
B. Step Parents Homes
C. Nuclear Homes
II. Forms of Abuse
A. Physical Abuse
B. Physical Neglect
C. Emotional Abuse
D. Sexual Abuse
III. Forms of Punishment
A. Physical Punishment
B. Verbal Punishment
IV. Abuse and Neglect in School
V. Emotional Problems
1. Munchausen's Syndrome
2. Stockholm's Syndrome
3. Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
VI. Prevention Programs
A. National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect (NCCAN)
B. Family Resource Coalition (FRC)
C. Child Abuse Prevention Foundation/ Polinsky Children's Center
VIII. Survey Questions
VIII. Reference Page
(Child Abuse And Neglect)
Of all the problems facing today's modern society, none are more critical than that of child abuse. With today's knowledge and new methods of stopping and preventing child abuse, the problem would seemingly be on the verge of non-existence. Ironically, the problem continues to evolve with the times, and becomes more and more complex. When considering the many facets of the complicated problem of child abusethe different types of abuse, justifying what is and is not abuse, appropriating punishment for abuse, etc.its no wonder the problem seems to never go away. When analyzing the matter critically, the problem with child abuse becomes even more complicated.
I. Abuse and Neglect at Home
Marital status and family structure have been frequently investigated as factors that may have a strong effect on child abuse and neglect. Most people believe that most child abuse and neglect cases come from the child's home. That means children are usually abused or neglected by someone in their immediate family circle. This can include parents, brothers or sisters, babysitters or other familiar adults. Children undergo many different levels of abuse in the home due to different family arrangements. They may live in single parent, nuclear, or an extended family.
A. Single Parent Homes
Children are now significantly more likely to be raised by single parent families. The increasing number of single parent families is constantly adding unnecessary pressures on children and the parent in those families. All of these combine to make adequate family functioning even more difficult to achieve. These pressures that the parent often endures cause stress that is mistakenly taken out on the child. "Using the data from two U.S. national incidence studies of family violence, it was found that single parent families were not more likely to use physical violence overall, but that single parent households were more likely than two-parent households to use severe violence (high probability of injury); this was particularly the case in single father households" (Gelles 1989).
Overall however, poor, young, single mothers with young children were most likely to report that they physically abuse their children (Gelles 1992). But there is many cases when the single parent is not the child abuser. In some cases, friends of the single mother have sexually abused children. Children living with single mothers may be exposed to greater numbers of adult males than those in two-parent households, which in turn may place a greater risk of being sexually abused. Children in single-parent families are at greater risk of neglect. Child neglect is commonly associated with low income, poor housing and living conditions, low educational and employment levels, and larger, multi-problem families who are in receipt of government benefits (Daro 1988). Children may suffer from lack of cognitive stimulation or nurture. Children...
References: Gelles, R.J. (1989), 'Child abuse and violence in single-parent families: parent absence and
economic deprivation ', American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, vol.59, no.4, pp.492-501.
Gelles, R.J. (1992), 'Poverty and violence towards children ', American Behavioral Scientist,
vol.35, no.3, pp258-274.
Daro, D. (1988), Confronting Child Abuse: Research for Effective Program Design, Free Press,
2002 Child Abuse Incidents by Types of Abuse Pie Chart.
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