Erika Mae R. Sia Group No: 4B “Wastes into Gold?”
Philippine archipelago is genuinely rich with natural resources however, the country is still experiencing crisis for sustainable and affordable renewable energy sources – hydro, geothermal, wind, solar and biomass. Instead of developing these sources, humans tend to damage and deteriorate the environment due to misuse and abusive activities. Humans have recourse to activities with “consume and flee” routine. After annihilating the forest, humans escape from their responsibility to return or replace what they have acquired; leaving nothing but wastes. Nowadays, there are a lot of campaigns concerning the environment and that includes the 3R: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. And when we talk about recycling, the first thing that comes into our minds is the most prevailing paradigm – “Pera sa Basura”. With Filipinos’ creativity and resourcefulness, this ideology comes into reality. People make something out of wastes and use it for revenue. Many local towns have engaged in making products involving craftsmanship and artistry which allow them create trademarks known not only in the country but also internationally. Forest and agricultural wastes are usually consist of dusts, wood chops, flakes, husks, wood scales, peels, hulls and dried leaves, branches or twigs. Prevalently, these wastes have no use and should be thrown already. But for the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), forest or agricultural wastes still have a long way to pursue. DENR’s branch, Ecosystem Research and Development Bureau (ERDB), has incorporated with Forest Products Research and Development Institute (FPRDI) to develop a project which can alleviate the need for alternative energy sources specifically, for biomass and biofuels. With the use of wastes they termed as “abandoned biomass” and the advanced technology provided by the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) and Department of Energy (DOE), DENR-ERDB was able to create a useful and profitable product – charcoal briquettes. The charcoal briquette was first invented and patented by Ellsworth B. A. Zwoyer of Pennsylvania in 1897 and was produced by the Zwoyer Fuel Company. The process was further popularized by Henry Ford, who used wood and sawdust by-products from automobile fabrication as a feedstock. Ford Charcoal went on to become the Kingsford Company. It was introduced in the Philippines in 1950’s for export and connection. In the late 1980’s, FPRDI was able to produce charcoal briquettes out of saw dusts and in the year 1999, a joint project of DENR-ERDB and FPRDI, which are both located at the province of Laguna, created the green charcoal briquettes or the DENR Charcoal Briquettes. The project primarily aims to ease the dependency towards Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), to promote a better way for proper waste disposal and to convert abandoned biomass into a biofuel which shall reduce the pressure in cutting and using wood from natural forest. DENR Charcoal is a solid fuel derived from carbonized leaves, twigs, stem and other farm and urban wastes and compacted into briquettes (Baconguis, 2013). The ERDB enhanced the machine used by FPRDI in creating charcoal briquettes including the molder and binder that shape them. The machinery is composed of briquetter, grinder/shredder, and carbonizer (plate and drum type).The project covers the law which facilitates proper wastes disposal namely Commonwealth Act 383- Anti-Dumping Law (1938), PD 856 – Sanitation Code (1975), PD 825- Garbage Disposal Law (1975), PD 1151- Phil. Environmental Policy (1978), PD 1152-Phil. Environment Code (1978), RA 7160- Local Government Code, DENR Administrative Order 98-49 and 98-50 - Technical Guidelines for Municipal Solid Waste Disposal and RA 9003 – an act providing for an ecological solid waste management program...
References: Baconguis, Santiago R. 2013. Production of DENR Charcoal Briquettes from Abandoned Biomass. Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau. College, Laguna 4031, Philippines.
Baconguis, Santiago R. 2006. Enterprise Development from Solid Waste. Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau. College, Laguna 4031, Philippines.
Baconguis, Santiago R. 2000. Production of DENR charcoal briquettes from forest wastes. Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau. College, Laguna 4031, Philippines. erdb.denr.gov.ph/enr/i4d/t4d_uf_briq.pdf
Dignos, Romeo L. Charcoal Briquette as air freshener. DOST Region VIII. 01/27/2011, Thursday. http://region8.dost.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=82
DENR-ERDB. 09/15/2010. Production of DENR Charcoal Briquettes from forest wastes. http://www.scribd.com/doc/37452394/Production-of-Charcoal-Briquettes-From-Forest-Wastes-Vol-10-2007
Eleosida, Jesus R. and Tiu, Euglena C. E.R. Web Team. ERK2SBL conducts training on charcoal briquette making. 02/27/2013. Bagong Laguna; Una sa Lahat. http://www.laguna.gov.ph/content/erk2sbl-conducts-training-charcoal-briquette-making-0
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