The Conch Shell
The conch shell is discovered at the very beginning of the novel on the beach. In its first instance it is recognized as a vessel for effectively governing the boys meetings. It is a very powerful symbol throughout the novel becoming a symbol of civilization and order. Throughout the novel as Jack breaks away and reduces his clan to savagery the conch looses it’s democratic power. The conch’s final downfall and disregard is when the Roger and the others ignore the conch and throw stones at Ralph when he starts to blow the shell inside Jack’s camp. The boulder that Roger rolls down the hill brutalizes piggy and also crushes the conch shell, signifying the loss civilization among almost all boys on the island. It seems appropriate that Piggy and the conch shell were killed and broken together. They both represented the same thing, civility, normality and order.
The Lord of the Flies
The lord of the flies is an integral part to the story of lord of the flies. It is the severed pig’s head that Jack impales on a stake as an offering to the beast. This symbol has many layers to it and becomes vital when Simon confronts it and it seems to talk to him, telling him that evil lies within every human heart. The lord of the flies is a kind of satanic figure that brings out the beast within each human. The destruction of the Lord of the flies ensues this chapter but is in direct result of the battle.
Piggy’s glasses are a soul survivor of civilization. This symbolic significance is clear from the start of the novel, when the boys use the lenses from Piggy's glasses to focus the sunlight and start a fire. When Jack's hunters raid Ralph's camp and steal the glasses, the savages effectively take the power to make fire, leaving Ralph's group helpless. Piggy’s glasses are one of the reasons as to why Ralph goes to Castle rock to talk to Jack. It seems appropriate that Piggy and the conch shell were killed...
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