Reference Document on Best Available Techniques in the
Ceramic Manufacturing Industry
This document is one of a series of foreseen documents as below (at the time of writing, not all documents have been finalised): Reference Document on Best Available Techniques . . . Large Combustion Plants Mineral Oil and Gas Refineries Production of Iron and Steel Ferrous Metals Processing Industry Non Ferrous Metals Industries Smitheries and Foundries Industry Surface Treatment of Metals and Plastics Cement and Lime Manufacturing Industries Glass Manufacturing Industry Ceramic Manufacturing Industry Large Volume Organic Chemical Industry Manufacture of Organic Fine Chemicals Production of Polymers Chlor – Alkali Manufacturing Industry Large Volume Inorganic Chemicals - Ammonia, Acids and Fertilisers Industries Large Volume Inorganic Chemicals - Solid and Others industry Production of Speciality Inorganic Chemicals Common Waste Water and Waste Gas Treatment/Management Systems in the Chemical Sector Waste Treatments Industries Waste Incineration Management of Tailings and Waste-Rock in Mining Activities Pulp and Paper Industry Textiles Industry Tanning of Hides and Skins Slaughterhouses and Animals By-products Industries Food, Drink and Milk Industries Intensive Rearing of Poultry and Pigs Surface Treatment Using Organic Solvents Industrial Cooling Systems Emissions from Storage Reference Document . . . General Principles of Monitoring Economics and Cross-Media Effects Energy Efficiency Techniques MON ECM ENE Code LCP REF I&S FMP NFM SF STM CL GLS CER LVOC OFC POL CAK LVIC-AAF LVIC-S SIC CWW WT WI MTWR PP TXT TAN SA FDM ILF STS CV ESB
Electronic versions of draft and finalised documents are publically available and can be downloaded from http://eippcb.jrc.es
The BAT (Best Available Techniques) Reference Document (BREF) entitled ‘Ceramic Manufacturing (CER)’ reflects an information exchange carried out under Article 16(2) of Council Directive 96/61/EC (IPPC Directive). This executive summary describes the main findings, a summary of the principal BAT conclusions and the associated consumption and emission levels. It should be read in conjunction with the preface, which explains this document’s objectives; how it is intended to be used and legal terms. It can be read and understood as a standalone document but, as a summary, it does not present all the complexities of this full document. It is therefore not intended as a substitute for this full document as a tool in BAT decision making and it has to be stressed again that this summary cannot correctly be interpreted unless it is read in conjunction with Chapters 4 and 5. SCOPE OF THIS DOCUMENT This document addresses the industrial activities specified in Section 3.5 of Annex I to Directive 96/61/EC, namely: ‘3.5. Installations for the manufacture of ceramic products by firing, in particular roofing tiles, bricks, refractory bricks, tiles, stoneware or porcelain, with a production capacity exceeding 75 tonnes per day, and/or with a kiln capacity exceeding 4 m³ and with a setting density per kiln exceeding 300 kg/m³’. For the purposes of this document the industrial activities falling within this description will be referred to as the ‘ceramic industry’. The major sectors which are based on the ceramic products (ceramics) manufactured are as follows: • • • • • • • • • wall and floor tiles bricks and roof tiles table- and ornamentalware (household ceramics) refractory products sanitaryware technical ceramics vitrified clay pipes expanded clay aggregates inorganic bonded abrasives.
In addition to the basic manufacturing activities, this document covers the directly associated activities which could have an effect on emissions or pollution. Thus, this document includes activities from the preparation of raw materials to the dispatch of finished products. Certain activities, such as the quarrying of raw...
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