Catholic Church

Topics: Christianity, Roman Empire, Pope, Jesus, Middle Ages, Catholic Church / Pages: 10 (2350 words) / Published: Dec 3rd, 2012
Christopher Larson
Final Reaction Paper: The Crescent and the Cross
In this essay I will discuss the history of the Roman Catholic Church and its influence on Western Civilization. I will bring an understanding to the beginnings of the Church and bring us to modern day ideals. Along with the history of the Catholic Church, I will cover some significant events during the middle ages.
To understand the beginnings of the Catholic Church, it is important to grasp concepts of the foundation of the Catholic religion. Christianity is based on the beliefs and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus was born of Jewish origins in the city of Bethlehem, just south of what is today Jerusalem between 6 B.C. And A.D. 6. He did not believe in following Jewish law, but following moral ethics he established. Jewish culture of Jesus’ day was highly materialistic, and Jesus spoke against materialism and ultimately against aristocracy among Jewish faith. Jesus did not agree to worship emperors or multiple gods as the Romans did. He, like his Jewish origin, professed monotheism, which is the belief in one single god. Although Jesus gained few followers, his teachings were very influential in the formation of the Christian faith. On that note, the culmination of his followings would not have been possible without his followers. One of Jesus’ most influential and prominent apostles is Paul.
Paul was a Jewish tent maker from Tarsus in Asia Minor. Paul’s work was influenced by Jesus’ teachings of the evils that follow material wealth and strict Jewish ideals. Paul is responsible for writing at least ten to fourteen of the stories in the New Testament. Paul was the first to preach the word of Jesus to non-Jewish people. Paul traveled thousands of miles spreading the miracles of Jesus and ultimately launching Christianity into the modern day. Paul focused his efforts on teaching about moral renewal and redemption from sin. He spoke of the freedoms that Christianity can bring and how it is

Bibliography: Bokenkotter, Thomas S. "Chapter 1 Jesus." A Concise History of the Catholic Church. New York: Doubleday, 2004. 7-15. Print. Fiero, Gloria K. Humanistic Tradition/ MEDIEVAL EUROPE AND THE WORLD BEYOND. 5th ed. Vol. 2. New York: Mcgraw-Hill, 2006. Print. The Crusades: Crescent and the Cross. A&E Networks, 2005. Web. <>. Kung, Hans. "11." The Catholic Church: a Short History. New York: Modern Library, 2001. 94-101. Print.

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