Cardiovascular DIsease

Good Essays
Maykenzie Joy Freeman
Health
Cardiovascular Disease
3/30/2014

Cardiovascular Disease Assignment
1. Trace the path of a drop of blood from the time it enters the vena cava until it reaches your little finger. Be sure to include the types of blood vessels involved.
Deoxygenated blood enters the right atrium from superior and inferior vena cava after having been circulated through the body. -----------------------
From the right atrium, blood moves to the right ventricle and is pumped through the pulmonary artery to the lungs, where it receives oxygen. -----------------------
Oxygenated blood from the lungs then returns to the left atrium of the heart. -----------------------
Blood from the left atrium moves into the left ventricle. -----------------------
The left ventricle pumps blood through the aorta to all body parts (such as your little finger)
2. List the different types of CVD. Compare and contrast their symptoms, risk factors, prevention, and treatment.
Atherosclerosis (fatty plaque buildup in the arteries) -artery becomes clogged or narrows, restricting blood flow. Hyperlipidemia (an abnormally high blood lipid level) is a key factor, resulting in plaque buildup. Cutting down on fatty food is very helpful in the prevention of this CVD.
Causes: Genetics, high blood pressure surges, elevated cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood (i.e., hyperlipidemia), and cigarette smoking
Coronary heart disease (CHD)
Chest pain (angina pectoris)
Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
Congestive heart failure (CHF)
Congenital and rheumatic heart disease
Stroke (cerebrovascular accident)
The same lifestyle changes that help to lower cholesterol can also reduce CRP levels
CVDs continue to be the leading cause of death in the United States, Europe, and most of Asia
3. What are the major indicators that CVD poses a particularly significant risk to people of your age? To the elderly? To people from selected minority groups?
Kids of my age tend

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