Organizing is the process of arranging people and resources to work toward a common goal.
Organizing decisions divide up the work that needs to be done, allocate people and resources to do it, and coordinate results to achieve productivity.
Structure is the system of tasks, reporting relationships, and communication that links people and positions within an organization.
Formal structure, such as shown on an organization chart, describes how an organization is supposed to work.
The informal structure of organization consists of the unofficial working relationships among members.
Study Question 2: What are the major types of organization structures?
Departmentalization is the process of grouping people together in formal work units or teams.
In functional structures, people with similar skills who perform similar activities are grouped together under a common manager.
In divisional structures, people who work on a similar product, work in the same geographical region, serve the same customers, or participate in the same work process are grouped together under common managers.
A matrix structure combines the functional and divisional approaches to create permanent cross-functional project teams.
Study Question 3: What are the new developments in organization structures?
Increasing complexity and greater rates of change in the environment are challenging the performance capabilities of traditional organization structures.
New developments emphasize more horizontal organizations that utilize teams and technology to best advantage.
Team structures use cross-functional teams and task forces to improve lateral relations and problem solving at all levels.
Network structures use contracted services and strategic alliances to support a core business or organizational center.
Boundaryless organizations combine team and network structures with the advantages of technology to accomplish