COLUMBUS: The context for colonization.
Columbus was “The Discoverer” of America. (Obviously, there were people living there before his arrival, but for Europeans, he was the Discoverer)
In addition, Columbus was not the first one who explored America, there were previous explorations before: Explorers from Siberia, Indonesia, Japan… were in America before Columbus, so without the help of these previous explorations, Columbus wouldn’t have been in America.
ELEMENTS THAT HELPED COLUMBUS REACHING AMERICA
Thanks to new ships (Already used by egiptians) Columbus could reach America, he also had a Compass, which was really helpful too, another important thing was the geographical knowledge Columbus had.
In 1450, The printing Press appeared, and some writings about exotic distant countries started to appear in the press texts, Columbus was incited by those texts and by Marco Polo’s travels and he wanted to discover one of those exotic distant countries.
EXTRA INFO ( I will add extra info sometimes, after some texts, which I think will be helpful) * “If you wanted to be happy, you had to be white, you had to be a man, and you had to be well-off (You had to have money)”
-George Washington * About Slavery… -> George Washington, who was always talking about freedom, had slaves at home.
Columbus was able to colonize America thanks to his superior military technology, they had guns and powder, which were able to kill everybody they needed.
After the colonization, only those who were White, Male, Western and Hetero were the ones who were welcome, the others (Black people), were not welcome.
IMPACT OF COLONIZATION IN AMERICA
Because of colonization, Fauna appeared and started to be a problem.
Some diseases also appeared, such as Small pox, Yellow fever or Malaria.
All these diseases killed more people than weapons did, and, of course, those diseases were brought from Europe to America. Apart from