Bipolar Disorder

Topics: Bipolar disorder, Suicide, Major depressive disorder Pages: 12 (2253 words) Published: April 16, 2014


Bipolar Disorder: Two Personalities, One Body
Jordann Watts
West Georgia Technical School

Abstract
Bipolar Disorder is a mental illness. It affects the mood of a person causing them to be incredibly happy or incredibly depressed. There are three types of Bipolar Disorders: Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, and Cyclothymic Disorder. Bipolar I Disorder can make a person feel happy and extremely energetic. Bipolar II Disorder does the opposite. It can make a person feel depressed and exhausted. Cyclothymic is a mild case of bipolar. It does not have as intense manic episodes or side effects as the other disorders. A person with Bipolar Disorder can be very harmful to themselves and others around them. Many people with this disorder can find themselves suicidal from the depression. People who are involved in abusive relationships, their partners may or may likely have a case of bipolar. Bipolar disorders are maintainable with help of medications referred to from a doctor. People with Bipolar disorders are not monsters and need help from the people around them more than anything.

Bipolar Disorder: Two Personalities, One Body
Have you ever been around someone who acted sweet and nice one minute and by the next minute they were the meanest person you have ever met? Nothing happened that could have triggered that emotion in such a short time leaving you very confused and wandering what you should do. “Bipolar disorder or BPD is a serious mental illness in which common emotions become intensely and often unpredictably magnified. Individuals with bipolar disorder can quickly swing from extremes of happiness, energy and clarity to sadness, fatigue and confusion.” (Bipolor Disorders) Since someone’s state of mind can change in an instant, should they be treated with caution at times?

There are many people who live their daily lives and do not realize they have a bipolar disorder. There are three factors that can lead to having a Bipolar Disorder: genes, the brain, and the environment. Not only is hair color or facial features inherited from the parents but also personality traits as well. Scientist believe that Bipolar Disorder can be passed down from parents to children through their genes. (Tartakovsky) In other words this disorder can be found from generation to generation.

Studies at Stanford University that explored the genetic connection of bipolar disorder found that children with one biological parent with bipolar I or bipolar II disorder have an increased likelihood of getting bipolar disorder. In this study, researchers reported that 51% of the bipolar offspring had a psychiatric disorder, most commonly major depression, dysthymia (low-grade, chronic depression), bipolar disorder, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Interestingly, the bipolar parents in the study who had a childhood history of ADHD were more likely to have children with bipolar disorder rather than ADHD. (Causes of Bipolar Disorder) People with bipolar disorders plainly have something wrong with what is usually connecting their emotions with one another. “Researchers believe that some neurotransmitters, including serotonin and dopamine, don’t function properly in individuals with bipolar disorder.” (Tartakovsky) Those three neurotransmitters have something to do with both brain and body activities. The environment can create chaos and stress in everyday life, which can create a rollercoaster of emotions. Not everything can go according as planned, so since every day is unpredictable sudden events can trigger the senses of one to have a bipolar episode. It is best to avoid things that can cause high levels of stress or nervousness. Bipolar Disorder does not just cause someone to be mean, but it can cause sadness, depression, illness or extreme happiness. The not normality of this is that the moods can change from one to the other quickly. There are three types of...


References: Clements, C. C., et al. "Suicide in bipolar disorder in a national English sample, 1996–2009: frequency, trends and characteristics." Psychological Medicine (2013): 43.
Rif S. El-Mallakh, M.D. and S. Nassir Ghaemi, M.D., M.P.H. Bipolar Depression: A Comprehensive Guide. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc., 2006.
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