Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality
There are two approaches to the study of personality which are the biological and humanistic approaches. The biological approach focuses on the idea that a person is born with traits that will help formulate an individual’s personality. The humanistic approach is the more focused on how you value yourself. It focuses on the creativity and spontaneous nature of humans. In this paper I will discuss Maslow’s hierarchy of needs to help understand the extent to which growth needs influence personality formation and describe the biological factors that influence the formation of personality. I will also be discussing the relationship between the biological factors and Maslow’s theory of personality. Finally I will explain the basic aspects of humanistic theory that are not compatible with biological explanations of personality.
Through Maslow’s works he came up with a hierarchy of needs and divided these deficiency needs into two categories which are “D-needs” and “D-motives”. Deficiency needs are, “the needs that are essential for survival including physiological, safety, belonging, love, and esteem needs.” (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). Physiological needs are really basic need that people need to survive like water, …show more content…
Humanistic theory tends to turn more to philosophic and spiritual parts of the human nature. It focuses on the active nature, creativity, and spontaneous nature of being human. It does not matter what kind of biological factors an individual might have because through humanistic theory it focuses on the wealth of the individual and how they hold their value. There can be individuals with Alzheimer’s and they can still be creative active and spontaneous if that is their