Aviation is the design, development, production, operation, and use of aircraft, especially heavier-than-air aircraft. Aviation is derived from avi, the Latin word for bird.
Aviation industry can be segmented into two i.e. Civil Aviation, Military Aviation
Civil aviation is one of two major categories of flying, representing all non-military aviation, both private and commercial. Civil aviation includes two major categories: Scheduled air transport, including all passenger and cargo flights operating on regularly-scheduled routes and
Non-scheduled air transport service: It is an air transport service other than the scheduled one and may be on charter basis and/or non-scheduled basis. The operator is not permitted to publish time schedule and issue tickets to passengers
Military aviation is the use of aircraft and other flying machines for the purposes of conducting or enabling warfare, including national airlift (cargo) capacity to provide logistical supply to forces stationed in a theater or along a front History BEFORE INDEPENDENCE
The history of Indian Aviation Industry started in December 1912 with its first domestic air route between Karachi and Delhi.
It was opened by the Indian Air Services in collaboration with the UK based Imperial Airways as an extension of London-Karachi flight of the Imperial Airways.
Tata Sons Ltd., the first Indian airline, started a regular airmail service between Karachi and Madras in 1932 , in 1946 Tata Airlines was transformed into Air India
At the dawn of independence India had 9 air transport companies providing both air cargo and passengers
To further strengthen the aviation sector of India, the Indian Government and Air India (earlier Tata Airline) set up a joint sector company, Air India International in early 1948
And the nationalization of Indian Airlines (IA) in 1953 brought