A toll road is a privately or publicly built road for which a driver pays a toll for use. Structures for which tolls are charged include toll bridges and toll tunnels. Non-toll roads are financed using other sources of revenue, most typically fuel tax or general tax funds. The building or facility in which a toll is collected may be called a toll booth, toll house, toll plaza, toll station, toll bar or tollgate. The growth of the industrial revolution needed a good transport system and in 1663, Parliament passed what was known as the Turnpike Act. This was originally only used in three counties to see if it worked. The act allowed magistrates in these three counties to charge people for using roads in these counties and the money raised was spent on properly maintaining these roads. The success of this scheme meant that the 1663 Act was the first of hundreds throughout the country. People had to pay what was called a toll to use the roads. Toll gates were established through which people and carriages had to pass before continuing with their journey.By introducing RFID and zigbee,the vehicles can pass smoothly through toll gates. In addition to preventing traffic jams, drivers do not have to waste time making payments. Furthermore, there are other merits that should not be overlooked such as not having to go through the hassle of preparing cash at the toll gate and being able to concentrate on driving.
1.2OVERVIEW OF THE PROJECT WORK
This project is designed and implemented based on the RFID and Zigbee technology used to transmit the vehicle engine number to the toll gate. This system helps to avoid car theft and avoid trespasser to the nation. A unique identity card (RFID) which holds information about vehicle’s owner, license, insurance and owner’s banking information, photo ID, road tax. By using RFID and Zigbee technology in this project, the owner arrives the toll booth, first of all the receiver receives signal from the car and sends information to the system inside the toll booth.Then the owner swipes the unique user id in the toll booth’s electronic sweeper which we provide in the toll gate. Then the system inside the booth checks whether the information obtained from the receiverZigbee and the Electronics swipe matches. Then the toll booth’s gate opens.If it does not match, and then it alerts the toll booth with security lights and passes the information about the vehicle and captures the image of the persons and pass information to the nearest toll booths and nearest police booth. The system stores the information in the toll gate database.The paid vehicle information sends to the adjacent tollgate. There is no need to stop the vehicle. By this method, the time consuming is reduced and it helps to avoid trespasser to the nation. 1.3 EXISTING SYSTEM
In the Existing toll gate the vehicles have to be stopped each time,toll gate booth collector will enter the number of the coming vehicle, collect the amount and opens the gate. There is no chance to check the license of the driver neither the car belongs to him.
* Time consuming
* Traffic during peak hoursDisadvantages:
* Operating costs - labour, facility(e.g., depreciation and utilities), insurance, and any taxes/fees * Maintenance costs for building, including systems, and toll plaza facilities * Unsafe lane changing within the plaza. Impaired collection staff safety particularly without barrier gates * Adds complexity to advance plaza signing
By using vehicle engine number system transmit to the toll gate the vehicles need not be stopped each time they pass through the toll gate .The Engine no is sent to the database of the toll gate system. And the RFID information also compared to the database to the toll gate. Block Diagram of Toll Gate Management
Figure1.1 Block Diagram of Toll Gate Management
This project is designed and implemented based...
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 L. Jerry, C. Barbara “Shrouds of Time: The History of RFID”, AIM Publication, ver. 1.0, 2001.
 N. Gabriel, I. Mitraszewska, K. Tomasz, “The Polish Pilot Project of Automatic Toll Collection System”,Proceedings of the 6thInternational Scientific Conference TRANSBALTICA, 2009.
W.C Tang, T.V
M.S Ismail, M.Y KhairUl-Anwar, A.Z. Zaida, “Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems Development in Malaysia”, 2007
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