Athens V.Sparta Compare/Contrast

Good Essays
Topics: Sparta, Army
Athens vs. Sparta
Ancient Greece was comprised of small city-states, of which Sparta and Athens were two. Athens was renowned as a center of wisdom and learning. The people of Athens were interested in arts, music, and intellectual pursuits. Sparta, on the other hand, was recognized for its military strength. A Spartan's life was centered on the state, because he lived and died to serve the state. Although the competing city-states of Sparta and Athens were individually different as well as governmentally diverse, they both managed to become dominating powers in Ancient Greece. Athens became a democracy under the rule of Solon in 594 B.C. In addition to eliminating serfdom, Solon altered the stringent laws of a previous ruler, Draco, making murder the only crime punishable by death. Under the democracy, Athens entered its golden age, becoming a center of wisdom and learning. The Spartans also entered their golden age with the forming of their military state. This military state was established to control the people they had conquered, the Messenians. Because the Messenians outnumbered their conquerors on a ratio of ten to one, the Spartans turned them into agricultural slaves, or helots. Thus, while Athens was liberating everyone by becoming a democracy, Sparta was enslaving a large amount of people for its own benefit.
The forming of Sparta's military state changed the Spartan way of life. At the tender age of seven, all Spartan males entered a military school. During thirteen years of harsh training, the young men learned toughness, discipline, endurance of pain, and survival skills. Finally, at age twenty, men entered the military. At this point, the young Spartan might became a hoi homoioi, or a "Similar,” one of the "warrior elite,” if he was accepted into a certain mess unit. If he did not become a "Similar,” he and all his descendants were doomed to enter one of the lesser castes, either the "Inferiors" or the "Tremblers.” Although

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Two classical Greek city-states, Athens and Sparta, were as similar as they were different regarding political and social structures. While Sparta kept themselves isolated from their neighbors, Athens kept themselves in contact with everyone. Sparta and Athens were both polytheistic; Sparta's patron saint was Ares and Athens' was Athena. Ares was Sparta's patron saint because Sparta was a militaristic oligarchy, meaning their government was run by a few people and revolved around warfare. Sparta's…

    • 547 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Sparta and Athens are both ancient Greek civilizations. They are both known throughout the world as fierce warriors of the ancient world. Not only are they known as warriors, but they are known for their society. These civilizations fascinate many people with their many advances in political and social fields. Both have influenced culture today in many ways. However they do share similarities and differences. Although Athens and Sparta may seem similar in their social structures, they also share…

    • 653 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Greek city: Athen, and Sparta. The influenced emphasized on the similarities and differences in economic, political, and social democracy. The similarity between Athen and Sparta is that the democracy in both states was only for a minority group. The minority society in both states has the political influenced. The majority group has no say in government. No one of their public sectors was filled with women. All were men and have to be free men with both parents is Athenian for Athen and Spartan…

    • 641 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    John Mulderig HIS_121_N*CTN*CTN2 Athens and Sparta: Opposites do not Attract Athens and Sparta, two civilizations of equal power, yet unequal mindsets: their societal views caused these two great empires to face a divide unlike any other in history. Sparta, with their cold iron and colder hearts left enemies in ruin. Athens was intelligent, yet militaristically inferior to Sparta. Allies during the 1000 years war, the two faced increasing animosity that eventually climaxed in ancient Greece…

    • 806 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta were two of the mightiest, most prominent, and famous city-states in Ancient Greece. Within these two city-states there were very many similarities and differences whether that is culturally, politically, or generally. The main similarities and differences between Athens and Sparta are in their military, the role of males and females in society, and their type of government. One of the biggest differences between Athens and Sparta was their military and their…

    • 573 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Sparta and Athens Geography Athens: The Athenians were located near the sea in a region of Greece called Attica. Because the Athenians were so close to the sea they became traders trading with other civilizations around the Mediterranean region. Also this encouraged Athens to build a strong naval fleet. Due to their constant travel around the Mediterranean…

    • 1978 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    constant state of war with one another. allies quickly became enemies, and enemies quickly became allies. As the Greek philosopher Plato said, " only the dead has seen the end of war". Athens and Sparta, were the strongest cities , Athens and Sparta competed with the supreme political influence of Greece . Athens and Sparta's men always trained to be ready for war. Sparta's main strength lay in its ground troops, while Athens's powerful navy controlled the seas. The tide was turned in the Persian…

    • 141 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Sparta and Athens were both city states that were formed from Greek civilization. They both had a different way of leading their citizens and running their governments. This caused each city state to have a different set of values and to have a different way of living. Sparta highly valued it’s military and war. The Spartans organized a group of reforms, known as the Lycurgan reforms, that promoted their military state. Spartans lived their lives strictly organized and very controlled. Young boys…

    • 648 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    In ancient Greek times two city-states, Athens and Sparta, dominated all of the Greek peninsula in their own way. The time the city-states flourished was in the late B.C. Both city-states were a success as they develop into the strongest Greek states. Whereas many people believe that Athens and Sparta are similar, the city-states are vastly different based on their ways of living, their government styles, and their military. Athenians and the Spartans have different ways of living as they focus…

    • 1081 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Athens vs. Sparta Many Greek city-states have different rules than other Greek city-states. For example, two main Greek city-states that differed a lot were Sparta and Athens. Both Greek city-states had different freedoms for certain people. The people in Sparta and Athens were treated differently because of their gender, social class, age, etc. For women, Sparta was the better Greek city-state because of the independence and the education. A woman in Sparta had more independence because they didn’t…

    • 325 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays