Atheism - Essay

Topics: Atheism, Richard Dawkins, The God Delusion Pages: 3 (847 words) Published: November 18, 2009
Atheism

One who disbelieves or denies the existence of God or gods is the definition for Atheism. Atheism has been around since the beginning of time but the word came into play around the early 1600’s. Atheism has caused fights throughout time because of their beliefs that there is no god. In early Ancient Greek, the adjective atheos meant "without god" according to www.ancientgreece.com. Atheists live as if there are no gods and explain natural phenomena without resorting to the divine.

Although the term atheism originated in 16th-century France, ideas that would be recognized today as atheistic are documented from a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea. Atheism in modern times was not made very clear until the 19th century. Before the 19th century, Atheism was an idea for some cultures. In western history, atheism was the fundamental belief that supported the right of the State documented from http://www.investigatingatheism.info/history.html. Historically, any person who did not believe in any immortal being supported by the State was fair game to accusations of atheism, a capital crime. In medieval Islam, scholars recognized the idea of atheism, and frequently attacked unbelievers, although they were unable to name any actual atheists. During the time of the Renaissance, criticism of the religious establishment became more frequent, but did not amount to actual atheism. In the 19th century, Friedrich Nietzsche, a philosopher, is well-known for the phrase "God is dead." the phrase was not spoken by Nietzsche directly, but was used as a dialogue for the characters in his works. Also around this time Karl Marx said “Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions.” Between these two philosophers, the 19th century was truly the beginnings of the term Atheism. This philosopher had many followers in believing that there is no g-d, and was the reason for the...
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