Deborah L Higgins
December 12, 2010
The purpose of this paper is to match the disorders in Appendix H to the appropriate case studies according to the DSM-IV. I will also discuss possible causes and treatments of the disorders that I successfully matched. There were five case studies and seven disorders so therefore there were two that were not used. The psychological disorders that were used were schizoid, narcissistic, somatoform, dissociative, and schizophrenia.
In reference to Case Study number one, I was able to match the issues with Josephine to Schizoid personality disorder. Schizoid personality disorder is explained by theorists as an unsatisfied need for human contact (Corner, 2005). In other words, the parents may have not accepted them and they possibly were abusive (Corner, 2005). So as a result they cope by avoiding all relationships as is the case for Josephine. In addition, Cognitive theorists propose that people with this disorder suffer from deficiencies in their ability to think and perceive environments. Treatments include the help from both cognitive and behavioral therapists (Corner, 2005). A cognitive therapy, such as presenting lists of emotions to think about, sometimes helps. In addition, behavioral therapists use techniques such as role playing to help improve social skills. Group therapy is also useful and offers a safe way for social communication (Corner, 2005).
Case study two I identified as Narcissistic personality disorder. In the case of Luis, he demonstrates these characteristics according to the DSM-IV. The causes are mostly explained by psychodynamic theorists in whom they feel this stems from cold rejecting parents (Corner, 2005). Some Behavioral and Cognitive theorists on the other hand believe that this disorder can be caused by too much positivity in early life. Socio-cultural theorists believe in a link between this disorder and era’s of
References: Corner, R. J. (2005). Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology Chapter 13 (4th ed.). New York, NY: Worth. Corner, R. J. (2005). Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology Chapter 6 (4th ed.). New York, NY: Worth. Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. (2008). Schizophrenia. Retrieved from http://medical-dicitonary.thefreedictionary.com/Skizophrenia