* 1 History * 2 Modern artillery * 3 Field artillery system * 4 Types of artillery o 4.1 Organisational types o 4.2 Equipment types o 4.3 Calibre categories * 5 Artillery ammunition o 5.1 Fuzes o 5.2 Projectiles o 5.3 Propellant * 6 Modern artillery operations o 6.1 Application of fire o 6.2 Counterbattery fire * 7 Types o 7.1 Sub-types o 7.2 Field artillery team o 7.3 MRSI o 7.4 Time on Target o 7.5 Airburst * 8 References * 9 See also * 10 External links
The word as used in the current context originated in the Middle Ages. It comes from the Old French atellier meaning "to arrange", and attillement meaning "equipment". From the 13th century an artillier referred to a builder of any war equipment, and for the next 250 years the sense of the word "artillery" covered all forms of military weapons.
Older engines like the catapult, onager, trebuchet and ballista are artillery (see siege engines for more information on pre-gunpowder devices), but the first documented record of artillery with gunpowder propellent used on the battlefield is on January 28, 1132 when