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Art History 101 Study Guide

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Art History 101 Study Guide
CENTRALIZED - a type of socio-political organization in which there is a central political and/or religious authority, typical of stratified societies.
HERALDIC - such as officer of arms, coat of arms, and familial badges.
FRESCO SECCO - the technique of painting in watercolors on dry plaster
FACADE - the front of a building, especially an imposing or decorative one
POST AND LINTEL SYSTEM - a structure consisting of vertical beams (posts) supporting a horizontal beam (lintel).
SERDAB - a chamber inside a mastaba containing a statue of the deceased.
MASTABA - An ancient Egyptian tomb with a rectangular base, sloping sides, and a flat roof. Stone bench.
ICONOGRAPHY - Symbolic representation, especially the conventional meanings attached to an image or images.
STRATIFIED - a social system in which people are not of equal status, and which is composed of social classes of unequal status.
ROSETTA STONE - The Rosetta Stone is a stone with writing on it in two languages (Egyptian and Greek), using three scripts (hieroglyphic, demotic and Greek). Issues the decree of Ptolemy the V,
STYLIZED - simplified and represented as a series of conventions (like the universal symbols on restroom doors.)
AXIS - a line imagined to run down the center of a composition or form

New Kingdom, Fowling Scene (wall painting from the tomb of Nebamun), Thebes, fresco secco (dry fresco), C. 1400-1350 BCE
Represents what nebamun will have in the next world.



Old Kingdom, The Pyramids of Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure (aka The Great Pyramids at Gizeh) [Greek Names: Cheops, Chefren, and Mycerinus; 4th Dynasty ], Stone
C. 2551-2472 BCE



Old Kingdom, Khafre, Stone (diorite) c. 2520-2494 BCE


New Kingdom, Akhenaton (Amenhotep IV), sandstone, C. 1353-1335 BCE


New Kingdom, Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, (18th Dynasty), stone, C. 1473-1458 BCE


New Kingdom, Pectoral (with Solar and Lunar Symbols-- from the Tomb of King Tutankhamen), gold, carnelian,

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