Prof. Nahla Hamda
2 December, 2014
The Arab-Israeli conflict has spawned over sixty years. For over sixty years, two sides have argued about their right to land through violent protests. Over time, there had been many talks of peace yet nothing ever came to fruition. Although the Arab-Israeli conflict has lasted over sixty years, the bad blood between the Arabs and the Israelites date back far earlier than that. It almost seems as if the conflict between the two sides was inevitable. In this paper I will discuss the battles between the Arabs and the Israelites, the origins of the Arab-Israeli conflict, and ways to remedy the current conflict. In the Old Testament of the Bible, the Jews were God’s chosen people. However, the Jews were enslaved by the Egyptians in the 1300s BCE (Exodus). At the time, the Bible had prophesized that a man would lead the Jews out of enslavement and into the Promised Land. This man was Moses. After many years, Moses was able to finally free the Jews from the Egyptians. The new home that the Jews were given was considered, to the Jews, a gift from God. However, the Jews were soon driven out of their Promised Land by the Romans and would not return for centuries. This is why the Israelis believe they are claimants to Israel. The only problem with this claim is that the Arab countries also believe they have the right to Israel. The Arab Nations in the Middle Ages had gained major control over North Africa, Southern Europe, and the Middle East (Butler). The Arab Nations had come to think of the Middle East and Palestine as home. However, in the 16th century the Ottoman Empire took control over most of the Arab Nations’ land. The Arab Nations were not happy with the way things were under the Ottoman Empire but they could not find a chance to fight. However, the chance for change came in 1913 when the Ottoman Empire was at its weakest point. A group of men came together and held the Arab Congress of 1913 which helped pave the way for the independence of the Arab nations. From the time the Jews were driven out of their Promised Land Anti-Semitism, hatred toward Jews, began to rise around the world. The Anti-Semitism against the Jewish people plays a large part in the events that cause Israel to become a nation. At the beginning of World War 1 the Arab countries had been promised the land of Palestine back to them, by the British, if they fought against the Ottomans. The Arab countries agreed and were expecting their land back to them. At the end of World War I, the United Nations gave the land of Palestine to the British mandate. However, in 1917 the Balfour Declaration was made. The declaration was written by the British Foreign Secretary, Arthur Balfour. In the declaration, Balfour spoke of supporting the creation of a Jewish state in the Middle East. The deal made with the Arabs and the declaration led to both the Arabs and the Jews feeling betrayed, because they both had been promised the same piece of land. The Balfour Declaration resulted in many Jews moving to Palestine believing that a Jewish state would be created. The Arabs in Palestine started to become upset with all the Jews that came to their land, yet they coexisted rather peacefully for thirty years under British rule. However, this all changed at the start of World War II. World War II saw the rise of Nazi power and the brutality of Adolf Hitler towards the Jewish people. Hitler killed over five million Jews and separated thousands of families from each other. The brutality and killing of the millions of Jewish people is known today as the Holocaust. The Holocaust is one of the most tragic events that has occurred in the world, and as a result a lot of sympathy was felt towards the Jewish people. After World War II ended, many Jews gained refugee status and entered Palestine as refugees of the British government. The growing tension between the Arabs and emigrant Jews could be seen by...
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