Applied Behavioral Analysis Quiz 4

Topics: Psychology, Behavior, Human behavior Pages: 3 (806 words) Published: June 28, 2005
Heather Geier
Quiz 4

a.Behavioral Excess – behaviors that need to be reduced because they occur to frequently i.Ex screaming, self stimulatory behaviors, spitting, running around b.Behavioral Deficits – behaviors that occur too infrequently or not at all. These behaviors are important or useful to the person i.Ex not paying attention to lessons, not participating in social situations, not finishing class/homework c.Behavioral Inappropriateness – behaviors that are not necessarily problems but they are behaviors that happen at the wrong time and/or place. i.Ex lifting up clothes in class, playing around in the sink, or doing a different assignment 2.

a.Determining the specific antecedents that evoke aberrant behavior and the specific consequences that maintain aberrant behavior. b.The old method was to arrange positive consequences to increase desired behavior and to arrange negative consequences to decrease undesired behavior. This arrangement gave little thought to why these behaviors occurred. The procedures were ineffective and unnecessarily restrictive. Today treatment is based on determining antecedents and consequences that evoke and maintain behavior respectively and this results in less restrictive and more effective interventions. 3.Most behaviors occur because they are under antecedent control. The antecedent and consequences of the environment are responsible for a large portion of human behavior. Usually there is reinforcement that is strengthening the problem behavior. 4.Intentional or unintentional reinforcement added to the environment by another person following the behavior. It includes both attention and access to specific items and activities. a.Ex of behavior maintained by this event:

i.A student is rowdy independent seat work (behavior). The teacher walks over and asks what do you need and provides help (consequence equals teacher attention). ii.Later student get rowdy at the reading center. Teacher walks...
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