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Ap English Vocabulary

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Topics: Adjective, Noun, Verb
VOCABULARY V

1. Aghast

Definition: struck with overwhelming shock or amazement; filled with sudden fright or horror: ADJECTIVE.
Synonyms: afraid, agape, agog, alarmed, amazed, anxious, appalled, astonished, astounded, awestruck, confounded, dismayed, dumbfounded, frightened, overwhelmed, shocked, startled, stunned, surprised, terrified, thunderstruck
Antonyms: undisturbed, unperturbed, unsurprised
Companion Forms: None.
Sentences: 1. We sat, aghast, with mouths open, looking at the painting in wonder.

2. Bilk

Definition: to defraud; cheat: VERB.
Synonyms: bamboozle*, beat, circumvent, con, deceive, defraud, disappoint, do*, fleece*, flimflam*, foil, frustrate, gyp*, overreach, rook*, ruin, swindle, thwart, trick
Antonyms: give, give away
Companion Forms: Bilked-transitive verb, bilk•ing-transitive verb, bilks-transitive verb, bilker-noun
Sentences: 1. The man bilked his way to the top, cheating and betraying his friends.
2. The act of bilking a test is a surefire way to get an integrity referral.
3. He bilks himself by refusing to learn this information he will need later.
4. The bilker of the class lied to the teacher about his parent’s signature.

3. Choleric

Definition: extremely irritable or easily angered: ADJECTIVE
Synonyms: affronted, annoyed, antagonized, bitter, chafed, choleric, convulsed, cross, displeased, enraged, exacerbated, exasperated, ferocious, fierce, fiery, fuming, furious, galled, hateful, heated, hot, huffy, ill-tempered, impassioned, incensed, indignant, inflamed, infuriated, irascible, irate, ireful, irritable, irritated, maddened, nettled, offended, outraged, passionate, piqued, provoked, raging, resentful, riled, sore, splenetic, storming, sulky, sullen, tumultuous, turbulent, uptight, vexed, wrathful
Antonyms: calm, content, euphoric, gleeful, happy, joyful, joyous, pleased
Companion Forms: chol•er•i•cal•ly, chol•er•ic•ly, adverb chol•er•ic•ness, noun
Sentences: 1. The choleric nature of the little boy clashed with the girl’s shy nature.
2. The wrestler cholerically threw the chair at his opponent, with rage.
3. The baby’s irritating behavior brought out the mother’s cholericness.

4. Decadence

Definition: the act or process of falling into an inferior condition or state; deterioration; decay: NOUN
Synonyms: corruption, debasement, decay, decline, degeneracy, degeneration, degradation, devolution, dissipation, dissolution, downfall, downgrade, evil, fall, regression, retrogression, self-indulgence
Antonyms: NONE
Companion Forms: dec•a•den•cy-noun.
Sentences: 1. The decadency of the old house caused concern for its stability.
2. The school’s decadence of education caused its academic deterioration.

5. Demise

Definition: death or decease: NOUN
Synonyms: annihilation, big jump, collapse, curtains, decease, departure, dissolution, downfall, dying, end, ending, expiration, extinction, failure, fall, final thrill*, last out*, last roundup*, lights out*, number's up*, passing, quietus, ruin, silence, sleep, tap city, taps, termination
Antonyms: birth, beginning
Companion Forms: de•mis•a•bil•i•ty, noun de•mis•a•ble, adjective
Sentences: 1. When the book’s character met his demise I could not help but feel sad.
2. Immortals are not demisable because they are unable to die.
3. The demisability of the fish was realized when we found him dead.

6. Emit

Definition: to send forth (liquid, light, heat, sound, particles, etc.); discharge: VERB
Synonyms:
Antonyms:
Companion Forms: e•mit•ted, e•mit•ting, e•mits (all transitive verbs)
Sentences: 1. The campaigning governor emits an appeal from his podium to my vote.
2. When the football has been thrown in the air, it has been emitted.
3. When emitting a basketball into a hoop, make sure to toss high.
4. The radio stations emit radio waves from their networks, to my radio.

7. Eradicate

Definition: to remove or destroy utterly; extirpate: VERB
Synonyms: afford, beam, belch, breathe, cast out, diffuse, disembogue, drip, eject, emanate, erupt, evacuate, excrete, exhale, expectorate, expel, expend, expire, extrude, exude, give off, give out, gush, issue, jet, let off, loose, ooze, pass, perspire, pour, pronounce, purge, radiate, reek, secrete, send forth, send out, shed, shoot, speak, spew, spill, spit, squirt, throw out, transmit, utter, vent, voice, void, yield
Antonyms: absorb, contain, repress, retain, suppress, take in
Companion Forms: e•rad•i•cant adjective, noun e•rad•i•ca•tion, noun e•rad•i•ca•tive, adjective e•rad•i•ca•tor, noun
Sentences: 1. A large number of Jews were eradicated and killed during WWII.
2. Eradication of a race is an unreasonable and deathly wayto prove a point.
3. The eradicative state of the dinosaurs is the result of a deadly ice age.
4. The eradicator of WWII was Hitler, killing all of the Jews.
5. The bad bacteria is the experiment’s eradicant; the ones we will remove.

8. Fabricate

Definition: to make by art or skill and labor; construct: VERB
Synonyms: assemble, brainstorm, build, cobble up*, compose, concoct, construct, contrive, cook up*, create, devise, dream up, erect, fashion, fit together, form, formulate, frame, head trip*, invent, join, knock together*, make, make up, mix, organize, piece together, prefab*, produce, put together, shape, structure, think up, throw together*, throw up*, turn out, whip up*, whomp up*
Antonyms: break, demolish, destroy, ruin
Companion Forms: fab•ri•ca•tive, adjective fab•ri•ca•tor, noun
Sentences: 1. The skilled women fabricate the rugs, weaving in and out all day.
2. The compulsive liar was a master fabricator of brilliant, imaginative lies.
3. The art of writing is a fabricative art, but talent can bloom with progress.

9. Ghastly

Definition: shockingly frightful or dreadful; horrible: ADJECTIVE.
Synonyms: abhorrent, anemic, appalling, ashen, awful, bloodless, cadaverous, corpselike, deathlike, dim, disgusting, dreadful, faint, frightening, frightful, funereal, ghostly, ghoulish, grim, grisly, gruesome, haggard, hideous, horrendous, horrible, horrid, livid, loathsome, lurid, macabre, mortuary, nauseating, offensive, pale, pallid, repellent, repulsive, sepulchral, shocking, sickening, spectral, supernatural, terrible, terrifying, uncanny, unearthly, unnatural, unpleasant, wan, weak, wraithlike
Antonyms: pleasant
Companion Forms: ghast•li•ness, noun
Sentences: The ghastly ghost scared us out of our minds so we ran

10. Granary

Definition: a storehouse or repository for grain, esp. after it has been threshed or husked: NOUN.
Synonyms: archive, arsenal, cellar, depository, depot, granary, magazine, safe, silo, stockroom, storage place, storehouse, vault, warehouse
Antonyms: NONE.
Companion Forms: None
Sentences: The granary on the old farm is where we stored our grain after it’s husked.

11. Homily

Definition: a sermon, usually on a Biblical topic and usually of a nondoctrinal nature. NOUN.
Synonyms: address, article, bull session, buzz session, chat, clambake, communication, conversation, converse, descant, discussion, disquisition, dissertation, essay, gabfest*, homily, huddle, lecture, memoir, monograph, monologue, oration, paper, rap, rhetoric, sermon, speaking, speech, spiel, talk, talkfest, thesis, tractate, treatise, utterance, verbalization
Antonyms: monologue
Companion Forms: None.
Sentences: The preacher gives us the homily and we listen tentatively, praising Jesus.

12. Impede

Definition: to retard in movement or progress by means of obstacles or hindrances; obstruct; hinder: VERB.
Synonyms: bar, block, brake, check, clog, close off, curb, cut off, dam, delay, deter, discomfit, disconcert, disrupt, embarrass, faze, flag one*, freeze, hamper, hang up, hinder, hold up, interfere, oppose, rattle, restrain, retard, saddle with*, shut down, shut off, slow, slow down, stonewall*, stop, stymie, thwart
Antonyms: facilitate, help
Companion Forms: im•ped•er, noun im•ped•i•bil•i•ty, noun im•ped•i•ble, adjective im•ped•ing•ly, adverb
Sentences: 1. The referee acted as the impeder, as he interrupted the player’s pass.
2. The man apologized for impeding after he asked for the time during our conversation.
3. Conversations in busy places are very impedible because people can easily interrupt you.
4. The rude girl impedingly spoke during the teacher’s lectures, disrupting the class and hindering the progression of the lesson.
5. The boy was a very impedible timid boy since he was seen as a pushover who would let you interrupt him.

13. Lampoon

Definition: a sharp, often virulent satire directed against an individual or institution; a work of literature, art, or the like, ridiculing severely the character or behavior of a person, society, etc: NOUN
Synonyms: burlesque, caricature, invective, pasquil, pasquinade, pastiche, ridicule, roast*, satire, send-up*, skit, squib, takedown, takeoff*
Antonyms: NONE.
Companion Forms: lam•poon•er, lam•poon•ist, noun lam•poon•er•y, noun
Sentences: 1. The social satire by the famous author has been said to be one of the greatest lampoons of all time.
2. The author of the social satire about Watergate is considered a lampoonist.
3. The lampoonery in the Michael Moore movie about the flaws in the medical system of America was not embraced by most government officials.

14. Narcissism

Definition: inordinate fascination with oneself; excessive self-love; vanity:NOUN.
Synonyms: egotistic, egotistical, self-centered, self-loving, stuck-up*, vain, vainglorious
Antonyms: modest, self-effacing
Companion Forms: nar•cis•sist, narcist, noun nar•cis•sis•tic, nar•cis•tic, adjective
Sentences: 1. The narcissistic prince was so obsessed with his own dashing good looks that he stayed rooted in front of the mirror looking at his face for days.
2. The narcissistic member of the Brain Brawl team thought so highly of his own self-endowed “endless intelligence” that he underestimated his opponents.
3. The narcissism of the girl alienated herself from the other girls because people thought it abnormal how much she was in love with herself.

15. Qualm

Definition: an uneasy feeling or pang of conscience as to conduct; compunction: NOUN.
Synonyms: agitation, anxiety, apprehension, compunction, conscience, demur, disquiet, doubt, foreboding, hesitation, indecision, insecurity, misdoubt, misgiving, mistrust, nervousness, objection, pang, perturbation, presentiment, regret, reluctance, remonstrance, remorse, scruple, suspicion, twinge, uncertainty, unease, uneasiness
Antonyms: NONE.
Companion Forms: None.
Sentences: 1. Gary is so experienced at lieing that he has gotten past the guilt and butterflies and he now has no qualm when he lies.

16. Affiliate

Definition: to bring into close association or connection: NOUN.
Synonyms:
Antonyms:
Companion Forms: af•fil•i•a•ble, adjective af•fil•i•a•tive, adjective
Sentences: 1. My coworker managed to get his affiliate to sign up with our company, so soon we will come into closer association as my coworker is with him.
2. The orphan with no home or close connection with anyone was seen as very affiliable to the couple looking for a child to adopt.
3. Larry’s charming behavior proved to have an affiliative effect, as he brought people together, into closer association.

17. Bane

Definition: a person or thing that ruins or spoils: NOUN.
Synonyms: ally, amalgamate, annex, associate, band together, combine, come aboard, confederate, connect, form connection, go partners*, hook up*, incorporate, join, line up*, plug into*, relate*, team up, tie up, unite
Antonyms: break up, disassociate, disband, disjoin, leave, quit, separate
Companion Forms: None.
Sentences: Mary, the bane, ruined the book for me by telling me the ending.

18. Berate

Definition: to scold; rebuke: VERB
Synonyms: bawl out*, call down, castigate, censure, chew*, chew out*, chide, cuss out*, eat out*, jaw*, rail at*, rate, rebuke, reprimand, reproach, reprove, revile, scold, scorch, tell off, tongue-lash, upbraid, vituperate
Antonyms: compliment, hail, praise
Companion Forms: none
Sentences: The teacher berated me in front of the class for not keeping up to my studies, and scolded me until I agreed to see him after class.

19. Blatant

Definition: brazenly obvious; flagrant: ADJECTIVE.
Synonyms: arrant, bald, barefaced, brassy, brazenfaced, clear, conspicuous, crying, flagrant, flashy, flaunting, garish, gaudy, glaring, glitzy, impudent, loud, meretricious, naked, obtrusive, ostentatious, outright, overbold, overt, plain, prominent, pronounced, protrusive, screaming, shameless, sheer, showy, snazzy, unabashed, unblushing, unmitigated
Antonyms: inconspicuous, quiet, subtle, unobtrusive
Companion Forms: bla•tan•cy, noun bla•tant•ly, adverb
Sentences: 1. Mike blatantly pushed my smoothie over, right in front of me where I could obviously see him.
2. The blatancy in her voice as she explained the problem to me for the fourth time made it seem like she was mocking me, insinuating that I was stupid, as if what we were doing was obvious.
3. The blatant fact is that I was not wrong, and anybody can obviously see that that is the case.

20. Calumny

Definition: a false and malicious statement designed to injure the reputation of someone or something: NOUN.
Synonyms: abuse, animadversion, backbiting, backhanded compliment, black eye*, calumny, defamation, detraction, dirty dig*, dump, hit*, invective, knock*, libel, obloquy, put-down*, rap*, slam*, slander, smear*, vituperation
Antonyms: applause, compliment, extolling, kindness, laudation, praise
Companion Forms: None.
Sentences: The calumny of the rumor hurt my feelings because it wasn’t true and people are going to think of me in a bad, different way.

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