January 31, 2013
The development of an individual depends on the success of human developmental stages and his or her exposure to positive socialization. In this research the reader will find a brief description of what an anxiety disorder is and how the relationship between human development and socialization is affected by this psychological disorder.
Anxiety disorder is a common disorder that affects any race, culture, gender, and age that has increase in the modern world. However, they are probably as old as mankind, since a panic attack is the way for the body to detect and prepare to "fight or flight” imminent danger (McNally, 1990). This disorder is very common in life, childhood, or adolescence throughout the experience of changes in the process of physiological, social, and emotional development. Interactions with people, situations, and lifespan in different ways can create or contribute to the development of anxiety disorders. There are different types of anxiety disorders that include panic, social anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, post-traumatic, specific phobias, and generalized anxiety disorders (McNally, 1990). These different disorders may be different but they share many of the same emotional and physical symptoms. The series of physical and cognitive symptoms that arise during a panic attack, involve symptoms of intense fear and anxiety. Generally these attacks occur suddenly and confusion almost instantaneous with any expectation of the person (McNally, 1990). For example phobia attacks are spontaneous, specific, and predisposed by situations. These symptoms appear spontaneous, without warning at any time or place. The symptoms of a panic attack is the most frightening thing that can happen without warning, and those who suffer cannot even try to rationalize or relate to a specific fear (McNally, 1990). The random nature of these attacks causes are often mistaken for heart attacks....
References: McNally, R. J. (1990, November). Psychological approaches to panic disorders. Psychological bulletin, 108(3), 403-419.
Shekhar, A., Robinson, S., & Walsh, K. (1997, December). Dissociative Symptoms in Panic Disorder. Journal of nerves and mental disease, 185(12), 755-760.
Shiraev, E. B., & Levy, D. A. (2010). Cross-Cultural Psychology: Critical Thinking and Contemporary applications (4th ed.). New York, NY: Allyn & Bacon Person Education, Inc.
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