Anthropology and Culture

Topics: Anthropology, Culture / Pages: 10 (2252 words) / Published: Mar 5th, 2013
CHAP 1 – What is Anthropology

1. Which of the following is not true about Franz Boas? A. He was a German-born, Jewish person until the Hitler regime

2. The American Anthropological Association (or AAA) acknowledges the public service role provided by anthropology by recognition of which of the following dimensions of the field? B. cultural anthropology or allied

3. What is the most critical element of cultural traditions? C. Their transmission through learning rather than through biological inheritance.

4. What are the four main subdisciplines (four fields) of anthropology? D. Biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology, cultural anthropology, and archaeology

5. Which of the following expresses scientists’ preference for explaining biological differences among humans rather than pigeonholing humans into racial classifications? E. Race is a social construct and is therefore a necessary tool for categorizing people of various cultures

6. Why is it important to understand that human racial categories are based upon perceptions of phenotypic features and not on distinct genetic differences? F. G. Because racial categories are internationally standardized H. Because using a genetic basis for racial differences is more accurate

7. Which of the following is not a distinctive feature of four-field anthropology? I. It has an exclusive focus on contemporary cultures

8. 9. What distinction does the text draw between culture and society? J. Culture is the result of higher education, whereas society is shared by all people. K. Culture is genetically programmed, whereas society is transmitted through social learning. L. People attain culture through international travel but society is the social environment of their native land. M. People share society―organized life in groups―with other animals, but culture is distinctly

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