Effects of Economic Surplus: Egypt
Ancient Egypt is such an interesting and amazing society to study due to the various factors that allowed the city and population to thrive. The culture, quite different to other cultures around the world in ancient times, developed quite unique traditions, technologies and ideas. Small features of this society including aligning the 4 corners of the pyramids and being able to divide the year into 365 days makes it truly fascinating, The main reason that this society was able to thrive and be successful can be attributed to the great Nile River. Due to this people were able to settle which lead to the creation of a surplus, which could be sustained for around 2000 years. How is the Surplus Created and Sustained?
The Nile River is the main reason why this ancient civilization was able to grow and survive for around 2000 years. It was used to create a surplus, which could be managed and sustained for years and years. The Nile attracted visitors from a large area of Africa creating a “Cultural Melting Pot” (Lockard, 2011). The people of ancient Egypt were able to discover that the river flooded at exactly the same time each year, which allowed them to irrigate their fields and crops. Farmers planted their crops in the muddy flats, which allowed for good crops almost each and every time. The people of Egypt settled along the river from the Mediterranean Sea down to Aswan, approximately 750 miles apart (Lockard, 2011). Egyptian writing (hieroglyphics) was created and only strengthened the surplus as this allowed communication between people and the kingdoms. Who Controls the Surplus?
The pharaohs in ancient Egypt times were considered to be the rulers of all the land and people in Egypt. The pharaoh governed a centralized city of Memphis, which was strategically placed along the Nile. Egypt was divided into around 40 different areas that were run by a governor appointed by the king. Along with the governor, a chief...
References: Lockard, Craig A. "Ancient Societies in Africa and the Mediterranean, 5000-600 B.C.E." World. Boston: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2011. 50-56. Print
Please join StudyMode to read the full document