Ancient Egyptian economic surplus

Good Essays
Effects of Economic Surplus: Egypt Ancient Egypt is such an interesting and amazing society to study due to the various factors that allowed the city and population to thrive. The culture, quite different to other cultures around the world in ancient times, developed quite unique traditions, technologies and ideas. Small features of this society including aligning the 4 corners of the pyramids and being able to divide the year into 365 days makes it truly fascinating, The main reason that this society was able to thrive and be successful can be attributed to the great Nile River. Due to this people were able to settle which lead to the creation of a surplus, which could be sustained for around 2000 years.
How is the Surplus Created and Sustained? The Nile River is the main reason why this ancient civilization was able to grow and survive for around 2000 years. It was used to create a surplus, which could be managed and sustained for years and years. The Nile attracted visitors from a large area of Africa creating a “Cultural Melting Pot” (Lockard, 2011). The people of ancient Egypt were able to discover that the river flooded at exactly the same time each year, which allowed them to irrigate their fields and crops. Farmers planted their crops in the muddy flats, which allowed for good crops almost each and every time. The people of Egypt settled along the river from the Mediterranean Sea down to Aswan, approximately 750 miles apart (Lockard, 2011). Egyptian writing (hieroglyphics) was created and only strengthened the surplus as this allowed communication between people and the kingdoms.
Who Controls the Surplus? The pharaohs in ancient Egypt times were considered to be the rulers of all the land and people in Egypt. The pharaoh governed a centralized city of Memphis, which was strategically placed along the Nile. Egypt was divided into around 40 different areas that were run by a governor appointed by the king. Along with the governor, a chief



References: Lockard, Craig A. "Ancient Societies in Africa and the Mediterranean, 5000-600 B.C.E." World. Boston: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2011. 50-56. Print

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    Ancient Egypt is a civilization of wealth and structure that flourished along the Nile River in northeastern Africa from about 3300 B.C to 30 B.C. In over 3,000 years, one of the most sophisticated and creative societies advanced where no other civilization did. 2,000 years later, it would be hard to think about the world without the impact of ancient Egypt, because it seems to have significantly affected every field of our American culture. The Egyptians have heavily influenced our culture’s literature, architecture, art, film, and politics.…

    • 1250 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Egypt and Mesopotamia

    • 445 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Egyptian civilization, formed by 3000 B.C., benefited from trade and technological influence from Mesopotamia, but it produced a quite different society and culture. Because its values and its tightly knit political organization encouraged monumental building, we know more about Egypt than about Mesopotamia, even though the latter was in most respects more important and richer in subsequent heritage. Egyptian civilization from its origins to its decline was focused on the Nile River and the deserts around it. Egyptian civilization may at the outset have received some inspiration from Sumer, but a distinctive pattern soon developed in both religion and politics.…

    • 445 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ancient Egypt is one of the world’s oldest prestige cultivations, as well as civilization of the northeastern part of Africa. Its major concentration focused on the upper and lower parts of the Nile River. Most individuals perceive Egypt to be pyramids, hieroglyphics, and mummified pharos.…

    • 432 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Egyptian civilization is considered one of the longest lasting civilization in the world history. It had what was needed to be an ancient civilization. The Ancient Egyptian civilization produced the first government to rule an entire nation. The Pharaoh was the ruler of Ancient Egypt, both politically and religiously of upper and lower Egypt. Although, there were “officials” who helped rule the villages there was a ruler of the entire nation. In ancient Egypt, most cities were located near the Nile River in advantage of the water for agriculture and other uses. Also, this helped the trade to be more efficient and less expensive. For example, the Nile River helped in the transportation during the Bronze Age. Religion is also an important characteristic of the Egyptian civilization. The ancient Egyptians worshipped many gods and goddesses. These Gods were worshipped in temples run by priests. Also, the Egyptians believed in “Afterlife.” The most famous writing system of Ancient Egypt is Hieroglyphics. This system of writing used pictures and symbols, this way they could record information about religion and government. This writing was used in stone monuments and in tombs. The Ancient Egyptians built structures the world have ever seen. These structures such as the Pyramids of Gizeh demonstrated the skills and tools of Ancient Egypt. There had to be mathematicians and engineers to help built these structures. This help us understand the intelligence of the Egyptian civilization. In addition, they had unbelievable skills in medicine. They created technique to repair bones and even do skull surgery. Last but not least, it is proven that when building the different structures not all people were slaves. Some individuals were paid to help. This shows how there were different classes in Ancient…

    • 527 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    During this time, ancient Egypt followed many years of chaos and disunity and times of war. They also enjoyed many great achievements in literature, art, and architecture.…

    • 1445 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    One important aspect that influenced the egyptian culture immensely was economics - agriculture and transportation. According to a www.commonlit.org article, “Over time, however, despite being in the midst of desert surroundings, people…

    • 679 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Egypt is a land with a rich and varied history that spans from the 10th century BC. The country is seen by many Historians as being the “cradle of civilization”. This is because it housed one of the most advanced cultures for many centuries. The Egyptians were responsible for some of the earliest examples of writing with hieroglyphs. Egypt is also home to the Sphinx, which is one of the great feats of architectural engineering in history. Ancient Egyptians were also one of the first civilizations to turn away from the nomadic lifestyle and implement centralized government, organized religion, urbanization and agriculture. In fact, it was one of the first areas in which Christianity flourished before ninety percent of the country converted to Islam in the seventh century. The country has also assimilated many cultures to their own throughout the centuries from the Greeks, Romans, Persians, Ottoman, etc. Turmoil since the beginning of the 1900’s has had a devastating effect on the country. This is primarily the result of European colonization and the ordinances…

    • 535 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    DBQ Ancient Civilizations

    • 684 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Schott, S. (1970, January 01). Ancient Egypt River Civilizations. Retrieved September 02, 2017, from http://ancientegyptskylarschott.blogspot.com/2012/10/five-great-achievements-from-ancient.html…

    • 684 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The culture of the ancient Egyptians is extremely interesting. Egyptians were the first people to make a large impact on the world of art. The ancient Egyptians had very unique and profound beliefs. Their entire culture is characterized by their religion and beliefs. Their art works were usually made or built for a purpose, and, more often than not, a religious purpose. There are two main functions of Egyptian art. One of the functions was to glorify the Gods, including the Pharaoh. The second reason was to help ease human passage into the after-life. Massive statues were built to represent gods and famous kings and queens. These statues were supposed to give eternal life to the kings and queens, and to enable the subjects to see them in physical forms. Egyptians and their beautiful representations in art and architecture have proven a legacy in the creations of certain landmarks, statues, and even advertisements. The Greeks derived many of their statues from Egyptian sculptures.…

    • 785 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Mesopotamia Vs Egypt

    • 1255 Words
    • 6 Pages

    2. Egyptʼs geography and climate influenced the development of its religion, politics, and outlook. Egyptian civilization was focused on the Nile River and the surrounding deserts. The Nile River flooded at appropriate times to allow grain to grow. The Egyptians had a positive outlook because the river was dependable. This dependability also made the Egyptians view the universe as an orderly beneficial world, andviewed the afterlife as orderly and optimistic as well. The Egyptian religion was focused on guaranteeing continuous flow from the Nile and prosperity derived from the river and its ability to irrigate the land. The pharoh, the Egyptian ruler, was believed to be a descendant from the gods. The Egyptian king was Horus, and the son of Re, the sun-god. It was believed that the king intervened with the gods on behalf of the Egyptian people. Since the king was connected to the sun-god and assured prosperity from the Nile, the kingʼs leadership was divine. It also helped that the land was fertile for many years, giving the Egyptian leader more credibility and power. Around the fifth millennium B.C.E. Farming developed along the Nile River.…

    • 1255 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    One reason the Egyptians was a successful in the ancient world was due to their environment. The main reason for the strength of the early Egyptian society was the Nile. The Nile kept a majority of Egypt's riverbanks full of lush greenery and plentiful natural resources. The Nile provided fresh water, free transportation, endless agricultural possibilities, as well as trade aspects. In ancient times all people depended on the river for their existence. Egypt flourished for 3,000 years because of the people's ability to harness the power of the great Nile. The importance of the great river is reflected in ancient Egyptians daily life. It shows through in their art, religion, writing, as well as social lives. The river helped shape their society as well as their existence.…

    • 515 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Ancient Egyptians were not just a group of people that used the Nile river as a resource to live. They were more then that. They invented many things that shaped our modern world. Their religion, architecture and the way they used their resources to their advantage is just some of the ways they shaped our modern world. Five thousand years separates us and the Egyptians, its just hard to believe that they have contributed in great amounts to our modern world.…

    • 819 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Both Ancient Egypt and Shang China both developed closely to major rivers. The Ancient Egyptian River Valley Civilization was located along the Nile River which helped to provide a reliable source of water for farming. The Nile River current runs north-allowing movement along the river, and the winds blow from the north allowing sailing vessels to travel against the current. It was easy to travel and interact along the Nile. When the Nile would flood, it would naturally fertilize the surround soil with nutrient deposits that gathered within the river. The same…

    • 633 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Egypt, the civilization created by a river. Just like other civilizations at the time, Egyptian civilization was started by a major river. By looking at history, one can see that Egypt is a country that has its entire foundation based on the Nile. The whole Egyptian civilization was created thanks to the river Nile. The Nile provided the people of Egypt with water for their crops and it stretched for thousands of miles bringing water to lands in Egypt that do not even receive a drop of rainfall annually. The ancient Egyptians were polytheistic. They believed in over one thousand gods.…

    • 1051 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Egypt had a great advantage of being near the longest river in the world, The Nile River. The Nile helped with the cultivation of different sorts of crops. It had a good defensive system and did not pose many problems.…

    • 2240 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Good Essays