Q1. कोणते भारतीय बेट नुकतेच UNESCO तर्फे MAB कार्यक्रमा अंतर्गत World Biosphere Reserve म्हणून घोषित करण्यात आले आहे?- B. निकोबार Q2. INSTAL ही महत्त्वाकांक्षीयोजना कोणत्या मंत्रालयाशी संबंधीत आहे?- B. Sports Q3. भारताने नुकतेच Champions Trophy चे अजिंक्यपद मिळविताना अंतिम सामन्यात कोणत्या संघाचा पराभव केला?- B. इंग्लंड... Q4. अलीकडेच चर्चेत असलेले राजाजी राष्ट्रीय उद्यान कोणत्या राज्यात आहे?- A. उत्तराखंड Q5. Indian National Defence university कोणत्या राज्यात स्थापन करण्यात येत आहे?- C. हरियाणा Q6. १४ व्या IIFA -सोहळ्यात 2013 चा सर्वोत्कृष्ट चित्रपटाचा पुरस्कार कोणत्या चित्रपटास मिळाला?- A. बर्फी Q7. कोणत्या देशाने नुकतीच EuroZone मध्ये सहभागी होण्यास आपली संमती दिली आहे?- C. लाटविया Q8. कुपोषणाचे उच्चाटन करण्या हेतू कोणत्या राज्य शासनाने नुकतीच 'फुलवारी' ही योजना सुरु केली आहे?- D. छत्तिसगड Q9. विंबलडन २०१३चे महिला गटातील एकेरी चे अजिंक्य पद कोणी पटकावले?- C. मरियन बार्तोली Q10. विंबलडन २०१३चे पुरुष गटातील एकेरी अजिंक्य पद कोणी पटकावले?- एंडी मरे
Figure 5: The Disaster Management Cycle
These six phases usually overlap. ICT is used in all the phases, but the usage is more apparent in some phases than in others.1)Response 2)Recovery3)Mitigation4)Risk Reduction 5)Prevention 6)Preparedness God has created this universe which includes earth, water, sky, nature and deep down the earth surface. There are men and nature the two most vital components of this universe. Man can do wonders. Nature has everything already done. Man creates the things which are said to be artificial. They are not permanent. But nature has created the things which are permanent. No one can alter in the design of nature. Man has no control over it. Nature has its own way. Sometimes it is soothing, sometimes it is ferocious. Whenever it turns to be in its bad temper it can bring devastation. It is known as disaster. Man has always been threatened by the fury of nature from the very beginning of his existence on this earth. Sometimes disasters like earthquakes occur repeatedly with serious impact on all spheres of life. Be it earthquake in Gujarat in 2001 and Lattur in 1993 or cyclone of Orissa in 1999 or Tsunami in 2004, they cause immense loss of human life and leave a trail of human tragedy that the society is yet to recover from. Natural disasters are the manifestation of nature and they can take place anywhere anytime. Most of the natural events are cyclic and predictable, such as the coming of yearly floods. In such a case people adapt themselves to the changing conditions. People living in a river-flood plain usually leave it when the water level is high and they come back to their homes when the flood water recedes. But if there is any change in the normal patterns either in the timing of the flood or the fury of flood we see devastating effect on the life and property of the people. Similarly earthquakes, cyclones, Tsunamis, are dramatic and very damaging in their results. Although natural calamities cannot be averted but many suitable measures can be taken to lessen the impact of these disasters disaster managers struggle to mitigate their effects on human lives and material losses. The most vulnerable sections in these disasters are the poor. Hence it is necessary to mobilise them towards preparedness. Quick and timely response is the essence in providing immediate relief and rescue operations, to save human lives and mitigate miseries as soon as possible. The response mechanism envisages that on receiving signals of a disaster happening or likely to happen, all activities related with the mitigation process are activated without loss of time. Disaster management is a collective and co-ordinated effort. A number of activities need to be undertaken in the event of disaster. These include co-ordination, command and control, rapid assessment of damage, restoration of power, tele communication and surface transport, deployment of search and rescue teams, medicals and Para-medical teams, arrangements for...
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