Submitted by – Dalton Divakaran
MS Health Care Management
University of Texas at Dallas
Types of Disasters
Effects of Disaster on Economy
Effect of Disaster on Health Care Organization * Sudden Influx * Damage to Facilities * Inadequately Prepared * Specialty Treatment Availability
Effects on the Population * Immediate Health Impact * Long-Term Impacts
Steps in Disaster Management * Mitigation * Preparedness * Response * Recovery
Real Incident Study * Background: * Immediate Response Considerations: * Evacuation: * Special Immediate Concerns: * Recovery Process: * Facility Considerations: * Lessons Learned at This Point in Response/Recovery: * Takeaways from this incident:
According to dictionary.com Disasters means “a calamitous event, especially one occurring suddenly and causing great loss of life, damage, or hardship, as a flood…”
Disasters such as Earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, hurricanes, tornados, epidemic disease outbreaks and more can damage any population and have a tremendous effect on the health care organizations that respond. Many health care organizations face major challenges during natural disasters. There are many different causes for those challenges.According to the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, in 2002, international disasters affected 608 million people and killed more than 24,000. The recent natural disaster in the United States for this year 2011(May 22, 2011) was the tornado Joplin in Missouri; 160 fatalities were reported in this natural disaster.
Types of Disasters
I. Natural disasters
E.g.: Avalanches, Earthquakes, Volcanic eruptions.
II. Hydrological disasters
E.g.: Floods, Tsunamis.
III. Meteorological disasters
E.g.: Blizzards, Cyclonic storms, Droughts,
References: * Environmental health in emergencies and disasters: A practical guide. WHO, 2002. * Disaster Help, US Department of Homeland Security