Karl Marx ideologies have been developed from the influences of several theological and philosophical authors during the nineteen-century era. Ludwig Feuerbach (1853) was one of them, who translated a well-known book known as the “Essence of Christianity”. He argued that humans in the course of their cultural development create norms and values, which is the product of alien. Feuerbach used the term “alienation” as to refer on creating an outstanding power of divine. Marx has agreed with the point that religion has strong ideological beliefs and self-alienation in which human justifies the inequalities of wealth and power (Giddens, 2009). For Marx, alienation is a term used to represent the humanity denial associated with capitalist modernity. Alienation views the relationship of the capitalist production and the potential human and psychological impacts (McLellan, 1995). Moreover, Marx was one of the first theorists to contemplate that his development of modern industry would reduce many people’s insufficient work and the boredom feel of routine. Marx’s believes that in general workers seem to be alien because the fulfilled tasks based on orders, which he thinks is extremely mistaken and detrimental (Giddens, 2009). The period that witnessed the most significant globalisation change of social life in which sociologists call ‘Modernity’, according to Bilton modernity can be defined as ‘a term coined to encapsulate the distinctiveness and dynamism of the social processes unleashed during the 18th and 19th centuries, which marked a distinctive break from tradition always of life’ (Bilton et al. 2002, p.24).
This essay will try to clarify the concept of alienation through understanding the on going process of modernity and as a method to show the possible effects of capitalism on the presence of the human.
Many theorists argue such as Toffler that Marx’s conceptualisation of alienation has expressed his tendencies
Bibliography: Comor, E 2010, 'Digital prosumption and alienation ', Ephemera: Theory & Politics In Organization, 10, 3/4, pp. 439-454 Fromm, E. (1991). Marx’s concept of man. New York: Continuum. Available at http://struggle.net/mhf/alienation.htm Giddens, A (2009) 'What is sociology ' in sociology 6th edition ,UK, Polity Press Lunt, D 2012, 'World Spirit as Baal: Marx, Adorno, and Dostoyevsky on Alienation ', Journal Of Speculative Philosophy, 26, 2, pp. 485-495, McLellan, David(1995) The thought of Karl Marx 3rd edition,UK,London