In this paper I point out four specific agents of socialization and how they have changed in American culture. These four agents include family, community, religion, and media. The first agent family, I focus on the significant differences between single parent families, and two parent families, as well as same sex marriages and different sex marriages. With the second agent community, I focus on neighbors relationships not being strong, increased crime rates, and significant changes in the community. In the third agent religion, I focus on the church being the main focus of people lives in the past, and how the view of the church has changed and how people are becoming less religious. In the fourth agent media, I focus on the news publicizing violence in order to make money, and how celebrities and video games have a significant impact on youth today.
Agents of Socialization
If we look at specific agents of socialization such as family, community, religion, and media, we can see how much our country has either advanced or declined throughout the years. Everyone plays an important role is socialization whether we recognize it or not Studying these types of socialization can help explain why people do what they do and can help us grow as a nation in the future. Knowing the pros and cons of these agents can make us better citizens, better parents, better neighbors, and better individuals. Our country can never be entirely perfect, but can significantly improve if citizens become more educated and work harder to be the best they can be. Family
The American family has changed drastically throughout history. When America first won it’s Independence from Great Britain, families were comprised of two parents, a mother and a father and kids. These families were often strictly religious, and their daily routines were based upon their religious beliefs. Families at this time often worked outside together from sunup to sundown, working the fields, farming, building, and raising cattle. Having a lot of kids in this time period was considered important in order to make money and to help with work around the house. Parents at this time believed having a lot of kids would make them wealthy. After a long day of work, families would have a large home cooked meal, read, do homework and then go to bed.
When cities developed people began to move out of rural areas and started working in factories. Fathers would work in factories while the mothers would stay at home and manage the house, prepare dinner, and take care of the kids. In the late 1940’s and early 50’s suburbanization happened and families began developing and moving to the outskirts of the city in places called suburbs. Here families hoped to live safer and better lives. These families became known as white picket families because houses in the suburbs were all very similar in structure and shape, and families consisted of a mom,dad, daughter and son. Families in the suburbs would spend their free time having picnics, playing baseball, camping, listening to radio programs, or watching TV programs on their black and white televisions. Parents at this time in U.S. history tried their best to instill in their children strong moral beliefs, and educate and supervise them very well. Families were often very supportive of the government and were very patriotic.
Today families are almost completely different. “There are more single parent families in society today than ever before” (Chen p.89). One reason for this is because families are more dysfunctional now and we live in a country where the divorce rate is nearly fifty percent. Another reason is our society is becoming less patriarchal. Women nowadays have equal rights as men and are almost on the same playing field in society as men. Families are no longer sticking it out for there kids’, like in the past. Women are less afraid to file for divorce or...
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