Activity 7

Topics: Software development process, Systems Development Life Cycle, Business Pages: 6 (1223 words) Published: April 11, 2015
Activity 7.5 - Assignment: Module Review

Part 1
1. Planning and budgeting processes are notorious for their rigidity and irrelevance to management action.” How can planning be made relevant to the challenges facing a business?

I do not believe that planning in irrelevant, as a matter of fact, planning is a time and cost saving tool that every business should consider. Planning need to be a fluid process and adapt to the changes in the market and consumers demands. Also, planning needs to be a regular part of conducting business, as changes accrue in the market; the managing team needs to tweak the plan to accommodate the new changes and goals. A simple example would be budgeting. Many factors can affect the yearly set budget, such as natural disasters, demand and unforeseen market shifts. SWOT and PESTEL are both excellent planning tools that allow business owner and manager better to understand the advantages and disadvantages that could face the business both in the short and long terms 2.

Why has prototyping become a popular way to develop business applications?

Depending on the size of the project, prototyping can be used for both large and small application. Using this tool, IS specialists and business professionals have the ability to the develop process faster and easier especially for projects where end user requirements are hard to define. Prototyping, (sometimes called RAD), has opened up the application development process to end-users because it simplifies and accelerates systems design (Finance, 2015). These developments are becoming very popular because they have changed the role of end users and information systems specialists in systems development. Furthermore, it also helps analysts and users finalize the various interfaces and functions of large business systems (Marakas & O'Brien, 2013). What are prototyping’s advantages and disadvantages?

Prototyping’s Advantages
Prototyping’s Disadvantages

Used when there is some uncertainty about requirements or design solutions. Uses to design an information system’s end user interface such as online display and data entry screens, reports, or Web pages Produce systems that fulfil user requirements.

(Finance, 2015)
Rapid prototyping can overlook essential steps in systems development. If the completed prototype works reasonably well, management may not see the need for reprogramming, redesign, or full documentation and testing to build a polished production system.

(Finance, 2015)

What does SDLC stand for? 

The systems development life cycle (SDLC) describes a set of steps that produces a new computer information system. The SDLC is a problem-solving process. Each step in the process delineates a number of activities. Performing these activities in the order prescribed by the SDLC will bring about a solution to the business situation (Reference for Business, Encyclopedia of Business, 2nd ed., 2015). What are the phases of the SDLC?  Explain in one or two sentences of your own words what happens in each phase. 

1. Preliminary investigation
Identifying and exploring the issue
2. Requirements definition
Defining and studying both the specifics of the current system as well as the requirements of the proposed new system. 3. Systems design
An overall design that allows the planning for the construction of a new system 4. Systems development
Creating the new system
5. System installation
Transforming the current operation to run on the new system
6. Systems evaluation and monitoring
Evaluating and monitoring the new operational system to enhance its performance and add value to its functions (Reference for Business, Encyclopedia of Business, 2nd ed., 2015). If problems occur during the SDLC, is it better to identify and solve those problems near the beginning or the end of the SDLC process?

Naturally, it is better to identify and solve those problems near the beginning of the...

References: (2010, September 30). Recommendations for End-User Development. Retrieved from
Finance (2015). The risks of relying on end user developed applications. Retrieved from
Marakas, G. M., & O 'Brien, J. A. (2013). Introduction to Information Systems (16th ed.). Newyork, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Reference for Business , Encyclopedia of Business, 2nd ed. (2015). THE SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE. Retrieved from (2008). End-User Development. Retrieved from
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