Activity 7

Better Essays
Activity 7.5 - Assignment: Module Review

Part 1
1. Planning and budgeting processes are notorious for their rigidity and irrelevance to management action.” How can planning be made relevant to the challenges facing a business?

I do not believe that planning in irrelevant, as a matter of fact, planning is a time and cost saving tool that every business should consider. Planning need to be a fluid process and adapt to the changes in the market and consumers demands. Also, planning needs to be a regular part of conducting business, as changes accrue in the market; the managing team needs to tweak the plan to accommodate the new changes and goals. A simple example would be budgeting. Many factors can affect the yearly set budget, such as natural disasters, demand and unforeseen market shifts.
SWOT and PESTEL are both excellent planning tools that allow business owner and manager better to understand the advantages and disadvantages that could face the business both in the short and long terms
2.
Why has prototyping become a popular way to develop business applications?

Depending on the size of the project, prototyping can be used for both large and small application. Using this tool, IS specialists and business professionals have the ability to the develop process faster and easier especially for projects where end user requirements are hard to define.
Prototyping, (sometimes called RAD), has opened up the application development process to end-users because it simplifies and accelerates systems design (Finance Magazine.com, 2015). These developments are becoming very popular because they have changed the role of end users and information systems specialists in systems development. Furthermore, it also helps analysts and users finalize the various interfaces and functions of large business systems (Marakas & O 'Brien, 2013).
What are prototyping’s advantages and disadvantages?

Prototyping’s Advantages
Prototyping’s Disadvantages

Used when there is some



References: CEUR-WS.org. (2010, September 30). Recommendations for End-User Development. Retrieved from http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-612/paper7.pdf Finance Magazine.com. (2015). The risks of relying on end user developed applications. Retrieved from http://www.finance-magazine.com/display_article.php?i=8652 Marakas, G. M., & O 'Brien, J. A. (2013). Introduction to Information Systems (16th ed.). Newyork, NY: McGraw-Hill. Reference for Business , Encyclopedia of Business, 2nd ed. (2015). THE SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE. Retrieved from http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/management/Str-Ti/Systems-Analysis.html kulzick.com. (2008). End-User Development. Retrieved from http://www.kulzick.com/endusrad.htm

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