American College Testing & Strong Interest Inventory
Jadine Marie Sawyer: December 11, 2012
Achievement and Intelligence Assessments
It is critical counselors are competent in assessments as it is an integral part of counseling (Whiston, 2013). Those practicing in the counseling field must be aware of the applications and limitations of the assessing instruments that they are using with clients. Counselors should consider that they are responsible for the proper purpose and the competency of the assessment that they are using with their clientele is appropriate for the situation. The American Counseling Association ([ACA], 2014) Code of Ethics standard E.1.a. Assessment stated “The primary purpose of educational, mental health, psychological, and career assessment is to gather information regarding the client for a variety of purposes, including, but not limited to, client decision making, treatment planning, and forensic proceedings” (p. 11). With the Standard E.1.a in mind, counselors must be mindful of the administration purposes when assessing their clients. It is also critical that therapists use all of their counseling skill when meeting with a client to review results of assessments given to a client, so that the client can process and receive the results in a way that is beneficial to them. The Client
Jadine Marie Sawyer (DOB 9/1/94), was referred for services by her math teacher after having a panic attack during her math class. A primary goal for Jadine’s counseling is to establish a plan for her life post-graduation from high school. Jadine has concerns about being able to provide Sierra, her daughter. Jadine works part time currently at Bright Days Day Care, but knows she must make plans for her future. Jadine’s boyfriend and father of Sierra has enlisted in the Marine Corps and will soon be departing for boot camp. This leaves Jadine to care for their child, work to provide for her family and go to school to build her future. Jadine does receive encouragement and help from her mother, grandmother and boyfriend’s mother (Laureate Education, 2013). The Client Session-Assessment (transcript)
Counselor: Jadine, great to see you. Please have a seat.
Client: Thank you
Counselor: So I would like to have you do an assessment called the American College Testing or ACT and then the Strong Interest Inventory or SII. Have you heard of the ACT? Client: I have heard of it, but don’t know anything about it. What is it for? Counselor: Well Jadine the ACT measures “English usage, mathematics usage, social studies reading, and natural sciences reading” (American College Testing, 1970, para. 2). The English component is timed allowing you 40 minutes to complete 75 items. The mathematical usage piece is limited to 50 minutes for 40 items. The third part is on social studies reading consists of 52 items with 35 minutes to complete it. The natural sciences section is encompasses 52 questions and a 35 minute time limit to complete. Your completed totals will be compared with other people who have completed the assessment (American College Testing, 1970). Client: It sounds really complicated! Will I do alright?
Counselor: Your scores will depend on what you have learned so far in school, does that make sense? Client: It makes sense, but I don’t understand how this helps me after school is over. Counselor: The ACT is an assessment that determines your level of proficiency in the areas tested on. It offers us information we can use that helps direct us on future college advising, placement, and enrollment for you. The ACT assists with helping direct your college career and academic endeavors’. Do you have any other questions about the process? Client: Yes, can it affect me in my grades? If I don’t do well will it affect me negatively? Counselor: No it has no grade or effect on grading for school. It only is used as a measure of aptitude in the four areas we went...
References: Whiston, S. C. (2013). Principles & Applications of Assessment in Counseling (4th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
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