Topics: Immune system, Human height, Achondroplasia Pages: 3 (575 words) Published: March 14, 2014
Achondroplasia is a genetic disorder effecting bone growth. It is the most common form of short stature. The disorder causes your limbs to be disproportionately short. Achondroplasia can sometimes affect the brain and spinal cord if complications occur. Achondroplasia is inherited as a dominant trait but Achondroplasia is inherited in an autosomal pattern and is a dominant trait, but 80% of people with this disorder is only on account of abnormal growth of the limbs. Meaning neither of the parents had, or were carriers of Achondroplasia. Achondroplasia affects about 1 in every 40,000 births all over the world. It affects males and females equally and there are no racial preferences.

There is a 50% chance of the offspring of an affected parent and an unaffected parent inheriting this disorder. It’s hard to determine whether a child will be affected by this disease because it’s not always genetically inherited. Harmful substances or conditions, (i.e. alcohol, drugs, toxoplasmosis), during pregnancy can cause malfunction of the bone growth during development of the offspring. Symptoms of Achondroplasia usually first appear around birth and development. Physical symptoms of achondroplasia are abnormal sized limbs. Most people with this disorder with have a long torso with shorts arms and legs. The intelligence and life span of individuals with achondroplasia is usually normal. A lot of people will have weak muscle tone. Achondroplasia commonly causes people to have breathing problems, in which breathing will stop or slow for a short period of time. Daily physical training is required in some cases, to build up muscle and strengthen bones. Language training and tutoring is sometimes necessary in young children as they may not develop the right skills. In my opinion, there is a fair amount of research that has gone into understanding achondroplasia. There’s a variety of daily management activities for people with this condition....
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