HEALTH SERVICE SYSTEMS
This study guide is intended to assist in reviewing the reading materials for the first four weeks of class. I assume that each student has completed all the assigned readings, participated in the threaded discussions, and generally knowledgeable about the material.
Each chapter in the text is organized by Headings and Sub Headings. This study guide identifies the sections of each chapter by heading for which to focus your study efforts.
The quiz is an open book quiz. Therefore, it is more important to have a general understanding of the contents of each section and where you might find information on a specific topic. I would not spend a lot of time memorizing information, assuming that you have read the text and will use this guide in your efforts.
Chapter 1 – TCOs A and E
The Roemer Model of a Health Services System
System Values: Access, Cost, and Expenditures, and Quality
Chapter 2 – TCOs A and E
Distinguishing Health from Illness and Disease
Factors That Affect Care-Seeking Behavior
Models of Health Services Utilization
Chapter 3 – TCOs A & E
Access to Health Services
Factors Affecting Access to Health Services
Public and Private Health Insurance
Chapter 6 – TCOs C, D, & E
Major Financing Mechanism for U.S. Health Services
Self Funded and Public Health Insurance
Chapter 7- Financing of Health Services
How Health Services are Financed
Provider Payment Mechanisms
Chapter 8 – TCOs A & B
The Development of the Medical Profession in the United States
Advance Practice Nurses
For-profit vs not-for-profit healthcare organization
Chapter 11 – TCOs A & C
The Continuum of Health Services
Chapter 12 – TCOs A & E
Healthy Promotion and Disease Prevention
(TCO A) Briefly discuss how characteristics of individuals or populations may influence utilization of health services. Discuss how these characteristics impact access, costs, and quality. Use an example to support your point(s).(Points: 25)2. Many characteristics of individuals or populations influence the utilization of health services, including perceived health status, ease of access to providers, and risk factors. Perceived health status is a major reason why people seek services. People who perceive that their health status is fair or poor are much more likely to seek and use health services than those who rate their health status higher. Poorer health status is associated with age, gender, and race. As people age, more of them report fair or poor health status. Demographic factors, such as gender, age, race and ethnicity, and socioeconomic status, as well as risk factors and other variables, also affect health services utilization. Gender can affect utilization among when in their reproductive years, because they tend you use more healthcare services than men during this time. Age can affect utilization of health services. As the population grows older, they tend to use health services beyond just regular checkups as they normally do at younger age. When health deteriorates with age, health care is utilized more often. Race and ethnicity may affect health services utilization as some diseases are more significant in certain populations and certain cultures are against seeking certain types of healthcare services. Socioeconomic status affects utilization of health services. People with limited income and financial resources, particularly the uninsured, are likely to seek fewer health services unless charges are on a sliding-scale basis or other resources are available to pay for their care. All...
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