Securities and Exchange Commission The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is a government agency that has been given several responsibilities and a great deal of power. Its mission is to “protect investors, maintain fair, orderly, and efficient markets, and facilitate formation” (About the SEC, 2008). The SEC is responsible for enforcing several federal security laws, including the Securities Act of 1933, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (About the SEC, 2008). The Sarbanes-Oxley Act was passed in response to several corporate scandals such as Enron and WorldCom, after investors lost billions of dollars, and after the public’s confidence in the security of the nation’s markets declined (Wikipedia, 2008). Businesses comply with the SEC by following the rules and regulations that have been set in place. Failure to follow these regulations will result in disciplinary action.
Financial Accounting Standards Board The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) is the “private sector body given the primary responsibility to work out the concepts and detailed rules that become generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP)” (Phillips, Libby, &
References: Financial Accounting Standards Board. (2008). Facts about FASB. Retrieved May 17, 2008, from http://www.fasb.org/facts/index.shtml#mission. Governmental Accounting Standards Board. (2008). Facts about GASB. Retrieved May 17, 2008, from http://www.gasb.org/index.html. International Accounting Standards Board. (n.d.). About the IASB. Retrieved May 17, 2008, from http://www.iasb.org/About+Us/About+IASB/About++the+IASB.htm. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. 2008. What we do. Retrieved May 17, 2008, from http://www.sec.gov/about/whatwedo.shtml Wikipedia. (2008). Governmental accounting standards board. Retrieved May 17, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Governmental_Accounting_Standards_Board.