Preview

Abraham Maslow. Introduction to Early Childhood Education

Better Essays
Open Document
Open Document
712 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Abraham Maslow. Introduction to Early Childhood Education
Abraham Maslow

ECE 101: Introduction to Early Childhood Education
Carmen Balgobin
July 25, 2011

Abraham Maslow Abraham Maslow developed a theory of motivation called self-actualization, based on the satisfaction of human needs. He identified self-actualization, or self-fulfillment, as the highest human need, but other basic needs are satisfied before self-actualization is achieved (Morrison, 2009). Maslow loosely defined self-actualization as “the full use and exploitation of talents, capacities, potentials, etc.” (www.abraham-maslow.com). Self-actualizers have several characteristics: * More efficient perception of reality and more comfortable relations with it * Acceptance (self, others, nature) * Spontaneity; simplicity; naturalness * Problem centering [as opposed to ego-centered] * The quality of detachment; he need for privacy * Autonomy; independence of culture and environment * Continued freshness of appreciation * Mystic and peak experiences * Gemeinschaftsgefiihl [a feeling of kinship with others] 10. Deeper and more profound interpersonal relations * The democratic character structure * Discrimination between means and ends, between good and evil * Philosophical, unhostile sense of humor * Self-actualizing creativity * Resistance to enculturation; the transcendence of any particular culture
In order to achieve self-actualization, there are five basic needs that need to be satisfied. The five basic needs are: 1. Life essentials 2. Safety and Security 3. Belonging and Love 4. Achievement and Prestige 5. Aesthetic Needs
The life essentials are the basics, such as, water, food and air. Children need to establish good and healthy eating habits. They should eat breakfast before school because if the children are hungry during school, they will have a hard time concentrating on learning. Lunch and snacks should be provided throughout the day by the school or daycare.



References: http://www.abraham-maslow.com/m_motivation/Self-Actualization.asp http://www.time-management-huddle.com/maslow.html Morrison, G.S. (2009). Early Childhood Education Today. University of North Texas. Merrill

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    One of the main theories relating to motivation is Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. People have needs. A need is a lack of something- something we want. This produces the drive and desire which motivates us to satisfy that need. Satisfying this need, or getting the thing we want or lack is the goal. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by the American psychologist Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper “A Theory of Human Motivation”. This is a theory of psychological health predicated on fulfilling innate human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization.…

    • 688 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    In the mind of a child ‘play’ constitute what they experience through activity taking place during a specific period time collectively with friends, family members or individually alone in his or her personal space. Brian Sutton-Smith (1997) a well-known play theorist believes that a child is born with a very active neuronal which will ease to function if not used. Children at an early age are capable of developing neurological function with will help them to solve problems, understand communication through language, respond to simple command and gain knowledge through the learning process. This activity requires any child to used physical function of the body for example muscles, nerves and senses. It’s always about learning as they progress…

    • 532 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    “Maslow identified five human needs that motivate people as physiological needs, security needs, social needs, self-esteem needs, and self-actualization needs. According to Maslow’s theory unsatisfied needs are the prime motivators of behaviors, and needs to the lowest level are over the needs of the higher…

    • 1290 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Best Essays

    Maslow. A (1943). A theory of human motivation. 4th ed. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. P20-35. [Last accessed: [27th April 2015].…

    • 1664 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Good Essays

    Abraham Maslow was a very important modern psychologist. He is most known for his hierarchy of human needs. A simple, yet complex scheme of five categories that arrange human needs within a hierarchy was created as a structure of human motivation. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs includes: physiological needs, safety needs, belongingness and love needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization. Maslow theorized that each of these needs be met before the individual is able to move up to the next level within the hierarchy. Although, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs has been adapted, substantiated and criticized it is still being used as a tool in various research programs to test motivational theories (Brown & Cullen, 2006).…

    • 113 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    There are different theories of motivation. Maslow’s theory of hierarchy of needs, and Herzbergs motivation theory. Maslow’s theory is based off of his hierarchy of needs and personality theory. Maslow believed that for an individual to have sactifaction that their needs…

    • 1145 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Week 3 Paper psy 250

    • 1466 Words
    • 4 Pages

    In 1943 Maslow wrote a paper titled “A Theory of Human Motivation”, this is where his concept of a hierarchy of needs was first introduced. The basis of this hierarchy is that each person must be motivated when it comes to fulfilling their basic needs first before they are at all able to move on to the level of needs that will come next. The bottom part of his pyramid of needs covered our most basic of needs such as food and water, and the needs that are considered harder to reach are put on the top. Throughout the progression of the pyramid a person will become my socially and psychologically invested in the needs they are trying to meet. Both Maslow and Rogers believed and put emphasis on what is known as self-actualization. Maslow based his way of reaching this on five levels of needs.…

    • 1466 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Nurture versus nature is a well-known controversial debate that will never be resolved. Family relationships constitute the most significant component in the development of a child. There are four components of family functioning that influence the mental growth of children. One factor is affection and nurturance. Children with parents who are affectionate and nurturing are likely to be attached to their parents compared to parents that are less affectionate in nurturing towards their children. Clarity and consistency of rules is the second aspect. Parents that have set rules that are constantly set have kids who are less likely to be noncompliant and disobedient. The third aspect is the level of expectancy that the parent has set for their child. Studies show that parents who have high expectancy towards their children have a high self-confidence, there more appreciative and they are more caring towards others. Effective open communication between the parent and the child would be the final aspect. Children who have open communication towards their parents research states that they are economically and emotionally stable. The aspects mentioned above explain various categories and together they form parenting styles.…

    • 630 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Maslow is most widely known for his theory on motivation, known as Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. The theory states that all humans have number of needs that need to be met in order for them to be motivated and grow (learn). The theory is commonly depicted as a…

    • 3861 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Three Motivational Methods

    • 1193 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Abraham Maslow (1954) proposed research that relates to human motivation. He called this research a ‘Hierarchy of Needs’. This hierarchy of needs has two premises: deficiency needs and growth needs (Huitt, 2007). Deficiency needs are needs that do not need satisfaction and are not a…

    • 1193 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Personality Theory

    • 1438 Words
    • 6 Pages

    According to Maslow’s basic needs hierarchy everyone is born with individual needs. If those needs are not met, one cannot survive and focus upward within the hierarchy. The first level consists of survival needs. One requires oxygen, sleep, water, and food to survive.…

    • 1438 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Abraham Maslow was an American psychologist whom first introduced his concept of the Hierarchy of Needs in his paper “A Theory of Human Motivation” in 1943 followed by his book “Motivation and personality”. It is understood that all humans have certain needs, Maslow’s concept suggest that when these needs are not being met it will motivate us and put us into action towards fulfilling those needs. His concept is most notably represented in a stage pyramid. Each of these levels displays different needs in which to be satisfied in order to be self-actualized, the highest most sought after level of satisfaction. Maslow noted that roughly only one in one hundred people accomplish self actualization due to the many obstacles in life. The lower levels needs represent those that are more basic and easily able to satisfy, given the circumstances, while the higher more complex level needs are more challenging to satisfy. In order to satisfy these top needs one must accomplish the satisfaction of the lower level needs in order to move up the pyramid.…

    • 1966 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Best Essays

    Maslow, A. H. (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation [Review of the book ]. Psychological Review, 50, 370 - 960.…

    • 2772 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Good Essays

    My philosophy of Early childhood education is based on research that indicates that a child’s growth is developmental. Every child is unique in terms of life experiences, developmental readiness, and cultural heritage. A high quality early childhood program that provides a safe and nurturing environment, which promotes physical, social, emotional, language and cognitive development will ensure a positive continuation of the child’s education process. The National Association for the Education of Young Children states that high quality, developmentally appropriate programs should be available for all children. Bredekamp, S., and T. Rosegrant. 1992. Reaching Potentials: Introduction. In S. Bredekamp and R. Rosegrant (Eds.). Reaching Potentials: Appropriate Curriculum and Assessment for Young Children,* vol. 1, pp. 2-8. Washington, D.C.: National Association for the Education of Young Children. This is a statement that I firmly believe in and hope to incorporate in my teaching career. Young children before the age of eight, have an enormous potential for growth and achievement. And it is my philosophy that they have to right to fulfill their possibilities. A young child who is nurtured to reach for his or her educational goals from an early age and has been instilled with self-confidence will continue to pursue educational goals as he or she matures .…

    • 855 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Maslow, A.H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370–96. Retrieved from http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Maslow/motivation.htm…

    • 1978 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays